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Grim Toll of Migrant Crisis Rises on Sea, Land

The latest deaths of migrants both on land and at sea are shedding light on the brutal tactics of the people-smuggling operations that stretch from across the Mediterranean to deep within Europe’s borders.

Stock Swings Don’t Shake Investors

Stock indexes’ wildest week in years rattled investors and fueled expectations for further price swings, but it failed to squelch the belief U.S. markets remain the best place to put money.

Foes Try New Ways To Attack Iran Deal

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker (R., Tenn.), right, listens to Sen. John Barrasso (R., Wyo.) last month in Washington, D.C.

Congressional opponents of the Iranian nuclear accord are devising a Plan B as President Obama moves closer to locking up the support needed to implement the deal. 95

Pro-Kurdish Party Joins Interim Government in Turkey

The power-sharing lineup unveiled by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu also includes several independent appointees.

U.S. special-operations forces in Afghanistan are trying to make sure their elite Afghan counterparts can fight on their own before American troops leave, which is planned to take place by the end of next year. Photo: Wakil Kohsar/AFP/Getty Images

U.S. special-operations forces in Afghanistan are trying to make sure their elite Afghan counterparts can fight on their own before American troops leave, which is planned to take place by the end of next year. Photo: Wakil Kohsar/AFP/Getty Images

Treading Line Between War and Peace, U.S. Special Forces Groom Afghan Troops

Special-operations units are trying to get their local counterparts ready for combat before American troops leave Afghanistan.

Russian Rocket Launches Inmarsat Satellite

A Russian Proton rocket on Friday launched an Inmarsat PLC spacecraft to put the British satellite operator on a course to begin operating a global network of high-bandwidth satellites by year-end.

European Refiners’ Profit Revival Faces End

Europe’s biggest energy companies have enjoyed a revival of refinery profits, but that run may be winding down even as oil prices slump.

China’s Moves Won’t Help U.S. Tech Firms

China’s moves to spur its slowing economy are having an important but less obvious effect on the tech sector: Strengthening local companies that already were making life difficult for U.S. rivals.

Syngenta Shareholders Not Happy

Some Syngenta shareholders are angry about the pesticide-and-seed giant’s rejection of takeover proposals from rival Monsanto, which abandoned its pursuit this week.

Hermès Plays Down China Luxury Risk

French luxury-goods company Hermès International said it expects demand for its pricey handbags and fashion to remain resilient and grow 8% this year despite the risk of an economic slowdown in China.

Tesla Wants White House to Press China

Tesla Motors wants the Obama administration to talk to Xi Jinping about making it easier for auto makers to do business in China during the Chinese president’s visit to the U.S.

‘Flash Crash’ Trader Denied Extradition Delay

British trader Navinder Sarao had requested a two-month delay in his extradition hearing.

Central Bankers Rethink Views on Inflation

Central bankers aren’t sure they understand how inflation works anymore. Inflation didn’t fall as much as many expected during the financial crisis and it hasn’t bounced back as they predicted when the economy recovered and unemployment fell.

A ‘Black Swan’ Fund Made $1 Billion This Week

Universa Hedge Fund, a well-known ‘black swan’ fund, made more than $1 billion in profits in one week amid volatility.

How Do You Short China?

Traders are scouring stock, bond and currency markets for ways to make money on the malaise afflicting China. Some are piling into insurance-like contracts that would pay out if the country defaulted on a small pool of its foreign-denominated bonds.

China’s World

Markets? To Xi Jinping, Another Battle Comes First

Those who think a wilting economy and stock-market turmoil may divert Xi Jinping’s focus from his anticorruption campaign misunderstand his priorities, writes Andrew Browne. 58

Step Forward for Japan’s ‘Womenomics’

A new law will pressure Japanese companies to hire more women and promote them to management positions, part of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s economic program.

Syriza’s Poll Lead Narrows Ahead of Election

Greece’s left-wing Syriza party is leading against its main political rival ahead of next month’s elections, according to four polls published on Friday, though the gap with the conservative New Democracy party has closed considerably.

Since Katrina, Biloxi’s Rebound Has Been Slow

The Mississippi Gulf Coast city’s population is down 9.4% and many homes remain vacant. But the tourism destination’s casino industry, though smaller, keeps chugging along.

Anger Over Garbage in Lebanon Blossoms into Demands for Reform

Calls for political reform, however, collide with country’s entrenched, sectarian-based political system.

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Entrepreneur Olof Sköld and his partner, Helene Carson, build a retreat for their family

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The Saturday Essay

For China, a Plunge and a Reckoning

The stock market fall pierced the party’s mystique of omnipotence. In an interwoven world, the crisis should spur Beijing to prefer compromise to bullying.

Historically Speaking

A History of Star-Crossed Lovers

Lovers separated by cruel circumstance have played a role in history and literature for millennia. Amanda Foreman looks at Berenice and Titus, Abelard and Heloise and more

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On Wine: Will Lyons

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WSJ Blogs

Real-time commentary and analysis from The Wall Street Journal
Die Seite Drei
Schnelle Analysen und Beobachtungen zum Zeitgeschehen

Lobbyismus ist eine Schattenpflanze

dapd

Groß war vor Weihnachten die Aufregung, als der Verdacht aufkam, dass die Apothekerlobby einen Spion in das Gesundheitsministerium eingeschleust hatte, der Nachrichten und Gesetzesvorlagen aus der Leitungsebene des Ministeriums heimlich mitlas. Gesundheitsminister Daniel Bahr war „stinksauer“, und die Staatsanwaltschaft ermittelte.

Jetzt sind wir im neuen Jahr – und die Sache dürfte schnell wieder in Vergessenheit geraten. Immer wieder bringt das anrüchige Gewerbe der Lobbyarbeit solche Fälle hervor – ein symptomatisches Problem sozusagen, denn Lobbyisten arbeiten an der Grenze zwischen legitimer Interessensvertretung und egoistischer Durchsetzung von Einzelinteressen. Und die Grenzübertretung ist dabei inzwischen fast zur Regel geworden, dabei ist die Grenze klar erkennbar. Doch scheint die Versuchung so groß zu sein, dass die Lobbyisten ihr immer wieder erliegen.

Eine legitime Interessenvertretung arbeitet auf einen Ausgleich von Interessen hin – und die Auseinandersetzung darüber findet in aller Öffentlichkeit statt. Eine Durchsetzung egoistischer Einzelinteressen muss dagegen das Licht der Öffentlichkeit scheuen – denn hier sucht eine einzelne Gruppe nach dem Vorteil auf Kosten der Allgemeinheit.

Doch verdeckte Lobbyarbeit darf es in der Demokratie nicht geben. Die heutige Praxis des Lobbyismus mit vertraulichen Gesprächen in Hinterzimmern, privilegierten Zugang zu Informationen und personellem Austausch zwischen Ministerien und Lobbyorganisationen verträgt sich ganz schlecht mit den Prinzipien der Demokratie.

Der angebliche Spion im Gesundheitsministerium ist ein skandalöser Fall, sicherlich – aber bei Lichte betrachtet ist der Alltag des Lobbyismus selbst der wahre Skandal. In der heutigen Ausprägung treibt Lobbyismus nur im Verborgenen und im Schatten seine Blüten; im hellen Licht der Öffentlichkeit muss er dagegen wie ein Schattengewächs unweigerlich verdorren.

Deshalb sollte größtmögliche Transparenz und völlige Öffentlichkeit der erste Gebot der Lobbyarbeit werden. Nur so lässt sie sich mit Demokratie versöhnen. Dann handelt es sich auch um eine legitime Interessenvertretung. In dieser Form wäre Lobbyarbeit sogar ein Dienst an der Demokratie selbst. Die leidet nämlich unter Schattengewächsen.

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    • Ich bin selbst seit kurzem Lobbyist aber in einem sehr technischen Gebiet, und das als studierter Designer.
      Das Lobbying, das hier kritisiert wird, mache ich sicher nicht - ich arbeite einfach nur in Fachgremien mit, um sachliche Diskussionen zu führen, und in Fachgremien zukünftige Normungen zu präzisieren.
      Wesentlich ist mir, dass in der Politik die Ziele, die durch Gesetze erreicht werden sollen, selbst in der Politik klar sind.
      Leider ist es aber so, dass viele Gesetze wider besseres Wissen gemacht, beschlossen und verabschiedet werden.
      Wenn es ein wenig mehr Verantwortung gegenüber dem Volk geben würde, dann könnten so Lobbyisten wie im Gesundheitswesen noch so viel wollen und wünschen - das Gesetz würde so ausfallen, wie es dem Volk zugutekommt.
      Wenn man aber den politischen Prozess so anschaut, wie da auf billigste Weise der politische Gegner bei irgendwelchen Gesetzen "eingekauft wird" ... dann ist es doch kein Wunder, das bei dieser Beliebigkeit schon innerhalb der politischen Klasse dann auch das Ohr für wie auch immer geartete Partikularinteressen wie den Apothekerverband oder ähnliches weit offen steht.
      Nach dem Motto: Wenn es doch eh egal ist, wie das Gesetz später aussieht, dann tu ich dem da (und mir selbst) villeicht noch einen Gefallen.

      Bei jeder Abstimmung müsste es Pflicht sein, gemeinsam einen Schwur im Parlament zu leisten:
      Der Text dieses Schwurs:
      "Diese Abstimmung wird ausschließlich zum Wohle des Volkes stattfinden. Ich bin gegenüber meinem Gewissen verpflichtet, dies zu verantworten und niemandem sonst. Jegliche Einflussnahme durch Lobbyinteressen habe ich zwar feststellen können, aber sie beeinflusst meine heutige Entscheidung nicht, denn ich bin nur dem Volk gegenüber verpflichtet, welches mich dafür gewählt hat."

      Wenn das so durchgführt werden würde ... hätten wir beispielsweise den aktuellen Bundespräsidenten schon knapp 600 Tage früher gehabt.

Die Seite Drei – Über uns

  • Schnell und kurz bringt „Die Seite Drei“ Einschätzungen, Hintergründe und Ergänzungen zu den Berichten des Wall Street Journal Deutschland. Hier bloggt die ganze Redaktion.

    Hinweise zu Themen, Anregungen und Ihre Fragen nehmen wir unter redaktion@wallstreetjournal.de entgegen.

The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Grim Toll of Migrant Crisis Rises on Sea, Land

The latest deaths of migrants both on land and at sea are shedding light on the brutal tactics of the people-smuggling operations that stretch from across the Mediterranean to deep within Europe’s borders.

Stock Swings Don’t Shake Investors

Stock indexes’ wildest week in years rattled investors and fueled expectations for further price swings, but it failed to squelch the belief U.S. markets remain the best place to put money.

Foes Try New Ways To Attack Iran Deal

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker (R., Tenn.), right, listens to Sen. John Barrasso (R., Wyo.) last month in Washington, D.C.

Congressional opponents of the Iranian nuclear accord are devising a Plan B as President Obama moves closer to locking up the support needed to implement the deal. 95

Pro-Kurdish Party Joins Interim Government in Turkey

The power-sharing lineup unveiled by Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu also includes several independent appointees.

U.S. special-operations forces in Afghanistan are trying to make sure their elite Afghan counterparts can fight on their own before American troops leave, which is planned to take place by the end of next year. Photo: Wakil Kohsar/AFP/Getty Images

U.S. special-operations forces in Afghanistan are trying to make sure their elite Afghan counterparts can fight on their own before American troops leave, which is planned to take place by the end of next year. Photo: Wakil Kohsar/AFP/Getty Images

Treading Line Between War and Peace, U.S. Special Forces Groom Afghan Troops

Special-operations units are trying to get their local counterparts ready for combat before American troops leave Afghanistan.

Russian Rocket Launches Inmarsat Satellite

A Russian Proton rocket on Friday launched an Inmarsat PLC spacecraft to put the British satellite operator on a course to begin operating a global network of high-bandwidth satellites by year-end.

European Refiners’ Profit Revival Faces End

Europe’s biggest energy companies have enjoyed a revival of refinery profits, but that run may be winding down even as oil prices slump.

China’s Moves Won’t Help U.S. Tech Firms

China’s moves to spur its slowing economy are having an important but less obvious effect on the tech sector: Strengthening local companies that already were making life difficult for U.S. rivals.

Syngenta Shareholders Not Happy

Some Syngenta shareholders are angry about the pesticide-and-seed giant’s rejection of takeover proposals from rival Monsanto, which abandoned its pursuit this week.

Hermès Plays Down China Luxury Risk

French luxury-goods company Hermès International said it expects demand for its pricey handbags and fashion to remain resilient and grow 8% this year despite the risk of an economic slowdown in China.

Tesla Wants White House to Press China

Tesla Motors wants the Obama administration to talk to Xi Jinping about making it easier for auto makers to do business in China during the Chinese president’s visit to the U.S.

‘Flash Crash’ Trader Denied Extradition Delay

British trader Navinder Sarao had requested a two-month delay in his extradition hearing.

Central Bankers Rethink Views on Inflation

Central bankers aren’t sure they understand how inflation works anymore. Inflation didn’t fall as much as many expected during the financial crisis and it hasn’t bounced back as they predicted when the economy recovered and unemployment fell.

A ‘Black Swan’ Fund Made $1 Billion This Week

Universa Hedge Fund, a well-known ‘black swan’ fund, made more than $1 billion in profits in one week amid volatility.

How Do You Short China?

Traders are scouring stock, bond and currency markets for ways to make money on the malaise afflicting China. Some are piling into insurance-like contracts that would pay out if the country defaulted on a small pool of its foreign-denominated bonds.

China’s World

Markets? To Xi Jinping, Another Battle Comes First

Those who think a wilting economy and stock-market turmoil may divert Xi Jinping’s focus from his anticorruption campaign misunderstand his priorities, writes Andrew Browne. 58

Step Forward for Japan’s ‘Womenomics’

A new law will pressure Japanese companies to hire more women and promote them to management positions, part of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s economic program.

Syriza’s Poll Lead Narrows Ahead of Election

Greece’s left-wing Syriza party is leading against its main political rival ahead of next month’s elections, according to four polls published on Friday, though the gap with the conservative New Democracy party has closed considerably.

Since Katrina, Biloxi’s Rebound Has Been Slow

The Mississippi Gulf Coast city’s population is down 9.4% and many homes remain vacant. But the tourism destination’s casino industry, though smaller, keeps chugging along.

Anger Over Garbage in Lebanon Blossoms into Demands for Reform

Calls for political reform, however, collide with country’s entrenched, sectarian-based political system.

Mansion

A Swedish Couple’s Lakeside Oasis

Entrepreneur Olof Sköld and his partner, Helene Carson, build a retreat for their family

Review

The Saturday Essay

For China, a Plunge and a Reckoning

The stock market fall pierced the party’s mystique of omnipotence. In an interwoven world, the crisis should spur Beijing to prefer compromise to bullying.

Historically Speaking

A History of Star-Crossed Lovers

Lovers separated by cruel circumstance have played a role in history and literature for millennia. Amanda Foreman looks at Berenice and Titus, Abelard and Heloise and more

Video

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

Buzz Aldrin Developing Plan to Colonize Mars

1:09