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Stocks Fall to Cap Wild Month

Global stock markets headed lower at the end of a turbulent month that was dominated by concerns over China and the timing of a U.S. interest rate rise.

Iran Deal Could Open Door to Gulf Businesses

While executives in the Gulf see opportunities, the region’s governments remain at loggerheads on other issues.

Fed Appears to Hold Line on Rate Plan

Federal Reserve officials emerged from a week of head-spinning financial turbulence largely sticking to their plan to raise U.S. interest rates before the end of the year. 87

Austria Toughens Controls Amid Migrant Crisis

Austrian police have toughened controls in the country’s eastern border region close to Hungary in response to last week’s discovery of 71 dead migrants in an abandoned truck.

National Guard Officer Killed in Ukraine Protest Blast

One member of Ukraine’s National Guard was killed and at least 50 others injured as fighting broke out between protesters and law-enforcement personnel after a vote on the country’s constitution.

Eurozone Inflation Stays Low

Eurozone consumer prices were barely higher than a year earlier in August, keeping pressure on the European Central Bank to consider additional stimulus measures to bring inflation closer to its target near 2%.

Islamic State Blows Up Temple of Bel in Syria’s Palmyra

Islamic State has partially destroyed Palmyra’s 2,000-year-old Temple of Bel in a massive explosion, the latest in a series of attacks by the militants on the Syrian city’s famed historic sites. 131

Google, Sanofi Team Up on Diabetes Research

The Internet company said its health-care-research unit plans to work with European pharmaceutical major Sanofi on new ways to monitor and treat the condition.

Apple’s Ad Blockers Rile Publishers

Apple’s move to make it easier to block ads on iPhones and iPads is troubling publishers and heightening tensions with its Silicon Valley neighbors like Google. 97

Personal Tech

Google OnHub Review: The Wi-Fi Router Gets a Brain

The search giant enters the home networking category, and makes your old router look stupid.

Iliad Lifted by New Mobile Clients

Iliad said net profit rose 16% in the first half as the French low-cost telecom company continued to win over new mobile clients with its ultracheap tariff plans.

Abreast of the Market

Rocky Markets Could Be Good for These Stocks

Exchanges and market makers are getting a fresh look from portfolio managers seeking out investments likely to benefit from the large market swings.

Oil Rallies into Bull Market Territory

Oil prices turned higher Monday on speculation that oil-producing nations might be willing to agree to output cuts to shrink the global glut of crude oil.

China’s Two-Yuan Dilemma

Since China devalued the yuan on Aug. 11, the spread between its value in Hong Kong and in the mainland has widened—a complication for Beijing’s ambitions to raise the currency’s global profile.

Gold Prices Fall as Traders Mull U.S. Monetary Policy

Gold prices fell on Monday as investors focused on the impact of recent upbeat U.S. economic reports on future monetary policy action from the Federal Reserve.

China ‘Punishes’ Nearly 200 People for Spreading Rumors

Sweep targets people who the government said spread false Internet rumors regarding the stock-market turmoil and deadly blasts in Tianjin.

U.A.E. Takes Lead in Southern Yemen

U.A.E. forces prevented Houthi rebels in Yemen from overrunning the Yemeni port city of Aden and now also reluctantly find themselves in the business of nation-building.

Biden Faces Narrow Path

As Vice President Joe Biden weighs a presidential bid, he must confront a number of fundamental questions. Among them: Does he have a viable path through an electoral map that is becoming more treacherous? 307

France to Finance Tax Cuts With Cost Savings

The French government says it can find $2.2 billion worth of savings in 2016 to pay for tax cuts for households without sacrificing France’s commitment to reduce the budget deficit.

Climate Change Builds as 2016 Issue

President Barack Obama’s trip to Alaska’s Arctic on Monday will likely reverberate much farther south, on the 2016 presidential campaign trail, where global warming is expected to emerge as a key issue. 485

Suppliers Feel Pain as Coal Miners Struggle

As big coal miners struggle, their equipment suppliers—thousands of businesses sprinkled throughout Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio and Kentucky—are scrambling to find new customers anywhere they can. 116

Eni Reports Huge Natural-Gas Discovery off Egypt

Eni SpA said it made a massive natural-gas discovery off the coast of Egypt in what the Italian oil-and-gas company is calling the largest ever find in the Mediterranean Sea.

China Slowdown to Hit Asia Electronics Supply Chain

After several years of torrid expansion, the slowdown in smartphone sales in China is expected to hit Asian parts suppliers.

U.K. Approves Giant North Sea Gas Project

A.P. Møller-Maersk A/S said it has received approval to develop the $4.5 billion Culzean gas field, the largest new find in the U.K. North Sea for a decade.

Canadian Oil Sands Halts Crude Production at Syncrude

Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. has halted production at its Syncrude project in northern Alberta after a fire damaged equipment at its synthetic crude oil processing facility.

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Video Music Awards 2015

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Die Seite Drei
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Lobbyismus ist eine Schattenpflanze

dapd

Groß war vor Weihnachten die Aufregung, als der Verdacht aufkam, dass die Apothekerlobby einen Spion in das Gesundheitsministerium eingeschleust hatte, der Nachrichten und Gesetzesvorlagen aus der Leitungsebene des Ministeriums heimlich mitlas. Gesundheitsminister Daniel Bahr war „stinksauer“, und die Staatsanwaltschaft ermittelte.

Jetzt sind wir im neuen Jahr – und die Sache dürfte schnell wieder in Vergessenheit geraten. Immer wieder bringt das anrüchige Gewerbe der Lobbyarbeit solche Fälle hervor – ein symptomatisches Problem sozusagen, denn Lobbyisten arbeiten an der Grenze zwischen legitimer Interessensvertretung und egoistischer Durchsetzung von Einzelinteressen. Und die Grenzübertretung ist dabei inzwischen fast zur Regel geworden, dabei ist die Grenze klar erkennbar. Doch scheint die Versuchung so groß zu sein, dass die Lobbyisten ihr immer wieder erliegen.

Eine legitime Interessenvertretung arbeitet auf einen Ausgleich von Interessen hin – und die Auseinandersetzung darüber findet in aller Öffentlichkeit statt. Eine Durchsetzung egoistischer Einzelinteressen muss dagegen das Licht der Öffentlichkeit scheuen – denn hier sucht eine einzelne Gruppe nach dem Vorteil auf Kosten der Allgemeinheit.

Doch verdeckte Lobbyarbeit darf es in der Demokratie nicht geben. Die heutige Praxis des Lobbyismus mit vertraulichen Gesprächen in Hinterzimmern, privilegierten Zugang zu Informationen und personellem Austausch zwischen Ministerien und Lobbyorganisationen verträgt sich ganz schlecht mit den Prinzipien der Demokratie.

Der angebliche Spion im Gesundheitsministerium ist ein skandalöser Fall, sicherlich – aber bei Lichte betrachtet ist der Alltag des Lobbyismus selbst der wahre Skandal. In der heutigen Ausprägung treibt Lobbyismus nur im Verborgenen und im Schatten seine Blüten; im hellen Licht der Öffentlichkeit muss er dagegen wie ein Schattengewächs unweigerlich verdorren.

Deshalb sollte größtmögliche Transparenz und völlige Öffentlichkeit der erste Gebot der Lobbyarbeit werden. Nur so lässt sie sich mit Demokratie versöhnen. Dann handelt es sich auch um eine legitime Interessenvertretung. In dieser Form wäre Lobbyarbeit sogar ein Dienst an der Demokratie selbst. Die leidet nämlich unter Schattengewächsen.

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    • Ich bin selbst seit kurzem Lobbyist aber in einem sehr technischen Gebiet, und das als studierter Designer.
      Das Lobbying, das hier kritisiert wird, mache ich sicher nicht - ich arbeite einfach nur in Fachgremien mit, um sachliche Diskussionen zu führen, und in Fachgremien zukünftige Normungen zu präzisieren.
      Wesentlich ist mir, dass in der Politik die Ziele, die durch Gesetze erreicht werden sollen, selbst in der Politik klar sind.
      Leider ist es aber so, dass viele Gesetze wider besseres Wissen gemacht, beschlossen und verabschiedet werden.
      Wenn es ein wenig mehr Verantwortung gegenüber dem Volk geben würde, dann könnten so Lobbyisten wie im Gesundheitswesen noch so viel wollen und wünschen - das Gesetz würde so ausfallen, wie es dem Volk zugutekommt.
      Wenn man aber den politischen Prozess so anschaut, wie da auf billigste Weise der politische Gegner bei irgendwelchen Gesetzen "eingekauft wird" ... dann ist es doch kein Wunder, das bei dieser Beliebigkeit schon innerhalb der politischen Klasse dann auch das Ohr für wie auch immer geartete Partikularinteressen wie den Apothekerverband oder ähnliches weit offen steht.
      Nach dem Motto: Wenn es doch eh egal ist, wie das Gesetz später aussieht, dann tu ich dem da (und mir selbst) villeicht noch einen Gefallen.

      Bei jeder Abstimmung müsste es Pflicht sein, gemeinsam einen Schwur im Parlament zu leisten:
      Der Text dieses Schwurs:
      "Diese Abstimmung wird ausschließlich zum Wohle des Volkes stattfinden. Ich bin gegenüber meinem Gewissen verpflichtet, dies zu verantworten und niemandem sonst. Jegliche Einflussnahme durch Lobbyinteressen habe ich zwar feststellen können, aber sie beeinflusst meine heutige Entscheidung nicht, denn ich bin nur dem Volk gegenüber verpflichtet, welches mich dafür gewählt hat."

      Wenn das so durchgführt werden würde ... hätten wir beispielsweise den aktuellen Bundespräsidenten schon knapp 600 Tage früher gehabt.

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The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Stocks Fall to Cap Wild Month

Global stock markets headed lower at the end of a turbulent month that was dominated by concerns over China and the timing of a U.S. interest rate rise.

Iran Deal Could Open Door to Gulf Businesses

While executives in the Gulf see opportunities, the region’s governments remain at loggerheads on other issues.

Fed Appears to Hold Line on Rate Plan

Federal Reserve officials emerged from a week of head-spinning financial turbulence largely sticking to their plan to raise U.S. interest rates before the end of the year. 87

Austria Toughens Controls Amid Migrant Crisis

Austrian police have toughened controls in the country’s eastern border region close to Hungary in response to last week’s discovery of 71 dead migrants in an abandoned truck.

National Guard Officer Killed in Ukraine Protest Blast

One member of Ukraine’s National Guard was killed and at least 50 others injured as fighting broke out between protesters and law-enforcement personnel after a vote on the country’s constitution.

Eurozone Inflation Stays Low

Eurozone consumer prices were barely higher than a year earlier in August, keeping pressure on the European Central Bank to consider additional stimulus measures to bring inflation closer to its target near 2%.

Islamic State Blows Up Temple of Bel in Syria’s Palmyra

Islamic State has partially destroyed Palmyra’s 2,000-year-old Temple of Bel in a massive explosion, the latest in a series of attacks by the militants on the Syrian city’s famed historic sites. 131

Google, Sanofi Team Up on Diabetes Research

The Internet company said its health-care-research unit plans to work with European pharmaceutical major Sanofi on new ways to monitor and treat the condition.

Apple’s Ad Blockers Rile Publishers

Apple’s move to make it easier to block ads on iPhones and iPads is troubling publishers and heightening tensions with its Silicon Valley neighbors like Google. 97

Personal Tech

Google OnHub Review: The Wi-Fi Router Gets a Brain

The search giant enters the home networking category, and makes your old router look stupid.

Iliad Lifted by New Mobile Clients

Iliad said net profit rose 16% in the first half as the French low-cost telecom company continued to win over new mobile clients with its ultracheap tariff plans.

Abreast of the Market

Rocky Markets Could Be Good for These Stocks

Exchanges and market makers are getting a fresh look from portfolio managers seeking out investments likely to benefit from the large market swings.

Oil Rallies into Bull Market Territory

Oil prices turned higher Monday on speculation that oil-producing nations might be willing to agree to output cuts to shrink the global glut of crude oil.

China’s Two-Yuan Dilemma

Since China devalued the yuan on Aug. 11, the spread between its value in Hong Kong and in the mainland has widened—a complication for Beijing’s ambitions to raise the currency’s global profile.

Gold Prices Fall as Traders Mull U.S. Monetary Policy

Gold prices fell on Monday as investors focused on the impact of recent upbeat U.S. economic reports on future monetary policy action from the Federal Reserve.

China ‘Punishes’ Nearly 200 People for Spreading Rumors

Sweep targets people who the government said spread false Internet rumors regarding the stock-market turmoil and deadly blasts in Tianjin.

U.A.E. Takes Lead in Southern Yemen

U.A.E. forces prevented Houthi rebels in Yemen from overrunning the Yemeni port city of Aden and now also reluctantly find themselves in the business of nation-building.

Biden Faces Narrow Path

As Vice President Joe Biden weighs a presidential bid, he must confront a number of fundamental questions. Among them: Does he have a viable path through an electoral map that is becoming more treacherous? 306

France to Finance Tax Cuts With Cost Savings

The French government says it can find $2.2 billion worth of savings in 2016 to pay for tax cuts for households without sacrificing France’s commitment to reduce the budget deficit.

Climate Change Builds as 2016 Issue

President Barack Obama’s trip to Alaska’s Arctic on Monday will likely reverberate much farther south, on the 2016 presidential campaign trail, where global warming is expected to emerge as a key issue. 478

Suppliers Feel Pain as Coal Miners Struggle

As big coal miners struggle, their equipment suppliers—thousands of businesses sprinkled throughout Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio and Kentucky—are scrambling to find new customers anywhere they can. 116

Eni Reports Huge Natural-Gas Discovery off Egypt

Eni SpA said it made a massive natural-gas discovery off the coast of Egypt in what the Italian oil-and-gas company is calling the largest ever find in the Mediterranean Sea.

China Slowdown to Hit Asia Electronics Supply Chain

After several years of torrid expansion, the slowdown in smartphone sales in China is expected to hit Asian parts suppliers.

U.K. Approves Giant North Sea Gas Project

A.P. Møller-Maersk A/S said it has received approval to develop the $4.5 billion Culzean gas field, the largest new find in the U.K. North Sea for a decade.

Canadian Oil Sands Halts Crude Production at Syncrude

Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. has halted production at its Syncrude project in northern Alberta after a fire damaged equipment at its synthetic crude oil processing facility.

Video

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

Buzz Aldrin Developing Plan to Colonize Mars

1:09