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Stocks Mixed After Volatile Week

U.S. stocks were mixed Friday at the end of one of the most volatile weeks in years for global markets. 80

Four Arrested in Hungary Over Migrant Truck Deaths

Flowers were placed where dozens of migrants were found dead.

Hungarian police said they had arrested four men after 71 migrants were found dead in a truck across the border in Austria on Thursday.

Hacker Killed by Drone Was Islamic State’s ‘Secret Weapon’

That Islamic State’s Junaid Hussain was targeted directly by the U.S. and U.K. shows the extent to which digital warfare has upset the balance of power on the modern battlefield. 182

Brazil’s Big Bet on China Turns Sour

Brazil’s big bet on China is turning sour as the Asian country’s once voracious appetite for Brazilian exports dims.

Lebanon’s youth-led “You Stink” movement initially formed as a protest against mounds of uncollected garbage in Beirut. Now it wants political change.

Lebanon’s youth-led “You Stink” movement initially formed as a protest against mounds of uncollected garbage in Beirut. Now it wants political change.

Anger Over Garbage in Lebanon Blossoms into Demands for Reform

Calls for political reform, however, collide with country’s entrenched, sectarian-based political system.

Fed Urged to Press Ahead With Rate Rise

After months of forewarning by the Fed that it is preparing to raise short-term interest rates, some international officials have a message: Get on with it already. 76

Big Oil Faces Prospect of Lower Refining Profits

For much of the past year, the world’s biggest energy companies suffered through an oil-price rout with one silver lining: Their little-loved refineries were churning out big profits again. Now, that bright spot could be fading, even as oil prices sink.

IMAGE 1 of 9

‘Craft’ Bourbon Is in the Eye of the Distiller

“Craft” distilleries have mushroomed in the U.S. to 588 from 51 over the past decade. Feeling the heat from the new competition, global liquor conglomerates are getting in on the act, and not letting definitions get in the way.

CEO of Ashley Madison Parent Steps Down

Avid Life Media, the parent company of infidelity website Ashley Madison, said Friday that its chief executive had left the company.

Hermès Plays Down China Luxury Risk

French luxury-goods company Hermès International said it expects demand for its pricey handbags and fashion to remain resilient and grow 8% this year despite the risk of an economic slowdown in China.

Luxury Brands Push Deeper Into India

As sales growth slows in China and other big markets, luxury-goods makers are seeking to cash in on patches of new wealth in often-unexpected parts of India, where there is a growing appetite for luxury brands.

‘Flash Crash’ Trader Denied Extradition Delay

British trader Navinder Sarao had requested a two-month delay in his extradition hearing.

Labor Group Says BofA CEO Moynihan Should Not be Chairman

A labor group is urging Bank of America shareholders to vote against a bylaw change that allows Brian Moynihan to hold the dual titles of bank CEO and chairman.

Oil Prices Resume Rally

Oil prices rose Friday, erasing earlier losses, as a surprise one-day rally extended to a second day.

How Do You Short China?

Traders are scouring stock, bond and currency markets for ways to make money on the malaise afflicting China. Some are piling into insurance-like contracts that would pay out if the country defaulted on a small pool of its foreign-denominated bonds.

China’s World

Markets? To Xi Jinping, Another Battle Comes First

Those who think a wilting economy and stock-market turmoil may divert Xi Jinping’s focus from his anticorruption campaign misunderstand his priorities.

Greece Names George Chouliarakis Interim Finance Minister

Greece named George Chouliarakis as the country’s interim finance minister, handing him control of the country’s purse strings until next month’s elections.

Ukraine’s U.S.-Born Finance Minister Praised for Persistence

Natalie Jaresko led months of tense negotiations with creditors, clocking thousands of air miles to reach a debt-relief deal that should help secure further bailout funds from the International Monetary Fund.

Russia

Moscow Strains To Upgrade Forces

Even as the country projects a muscular image, a falling ruble and weaker economy has forced President Vladimir Putin to scale back ambitious plans to modernize the military. 60

Speakers Play Role in Korean Deal

At the heaviest armed border in the world, South Korean officials say one of the most potent weapons is psychological warfare. As tensions abate between Seoul and Pyongyang, officials say propaganda broadcasts are a vital peacekeeper.

Mansion

A Swedish Couple’s Lakeside Oasis

Entrepreneur Olof Sköld and his partner, Helene Carson, build a retreat for their family

Technology

Pentagon Advances Partnership with Tech Firms for Flexible Electronics

The Pentagon is announcing that it will contribute seed money to a consortium of Silicon Valley firms to develop what defense officials say is a promising new technology incorporating “flexible” electronics.

China’s Moves Won’t Help U.S. Tech Firms

China’s moves to spur its slowing economy are having an important but less obvious effect on the tech sector: Strengthening local companies that were already making life difficult for U.S. rivals.

Video

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

Buzz Aldrin Developing Plan to Colonize Mars

1:09

On Wine: Will Lyons

Why Gin Is Back With a Flourish

Gin is experiencing the kind of boom the wine industry experienced in the mid-1980s, as boutique-distilled bottles with names like Half Hitch, Opihr and Ransom Old Tom give the classic G&T a new—and flavorful—twist

Music

Foals’ ‘What Went Down’ Is a Visceral Confessional

Yannis Philippakis, the lead singer whose energetic stage presence and novelistic lyrics have made Foals one of British rock’s most compelling propositions, talks about the band’s fourth album.

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Wie das Netz die Wirtschaft verändert

Apples Lisa: 30 Jahre Rechner mit der Maus

dapd
Lisa-Heimcomputer von Apple aus dem Jahre 1983.
Von dapd

Sie wurde verlacht, verspottet und schließlich in der Wüste verschrottet: Am 3. Januar vor 30 Jahren brachte Apple seine Lisa auf den Markt. Es war der erste massentaugliche Computer mit grafischer Benutzeroberfläche – und einer Maus.

Damit konnten erstmals auch Menschen Computer bedienen, die keine kryptischen Programmiersprachen beherrschen, wie der Kurator des nach eigenen Angaben größten Computermuseums der Welt in Paderborn, Michael Mikolajczak, sagt. Apple-Gründer Steve Jobs erkannte sofort das Potenzial dieser neuen Technik.

Allerdings war Lisa kein Verkaufsschlager – was sicher auch am stolzen Preis von zunächst 9.995 Dollar für das neuartige Gerät gelegen habe, sagt Mikolajczak. Später senkte Apple den Preis zwar auf zunächst 6.000 und später 3.000 Dollar. Es half nichts, Lisa blieb ein Ladenhüter. Keine 60.000 Stück gingen nach Schätzungen von US-Behörden weltweit über die Ladentheken.

Steve Jobs wurde auf Computer mit Maus aufmerksam

Ein weiterer Grund für den schlechten Absatz war die schon sprichwörtlich schwache Leistung. 1983, als der Computer auf den Markt kam, seien “Knock, knock”-Witze unter Computer-Pionieren populär geworden, erinnert sich Mikolajczak. “Man klopfte an die Tür, wartete ein paar Minuten und freute sich dann: Lisa ist da!” Mit einem fünf Megahertz starken Prozessor, einem Megabyte Arbeits-und fünf Megabyte Festplattenspeicher reagierte Lisa sehr behäbig auf Eingaben – und wurde so zum Synonym für Langsamkeit.

“Vielleicht wollte Steve Jobs zu schnell zu viel”, sagt Mikolajczak über den Misserfolg von damals. Der 2011 gestorbene Apple-Mitgründer war 1979 in einem Forschungslabor auf den Xerox Alto aufmerksam geworden. Dieser hatte als weltweit erster Rechner eine Maus und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche – kam allerdings nicht in Serie auf den Massenmarkt.

Die ersten Ideen für die revolutionäre Bedienhilfe hatte der Erfinder Douglas C. Engelbarth bereits über zehn Jahre vor der Markteinführung von Lisa, wie Mikolajczak sagt. “Die waren noch aus Holz gebaut.” 1968 präsentierte Engelbarth seine erste Maus schließlich dem Fachpublikum. Zunächst gab es aber zu wenige Computer mit grafischer Benutzeroberfläche.

Verdrängt der Touchscreen die Maus?

Jobs habe sofort das wirtschaftliche Potenzial des Xerox-Computers erkannt und seine Entwickler angetrieben, etwas Ähnliches zu entwerfen. Allen Mahnungen zum Trotz äußerte er immer neue Wünsche für Lisa, die die Ingenieure auch verwirklichten - was den Preis allerdings auf knapp 10.000 Dollar trieb. “Jobs glaubte schon damals, dass ein Computer zum täglichen Leben dazugehören sollte”, sagt Mikolajczak.

Der Computer-Visionär erkannte, dass sich die Geräte dazu aber verändern mussten. Wenn Computer massentauglich werden sollten, brauchten sie ein besseres Design und eine einfachere Bedienung.

Lisas Ende in der Wüste

Lisa wurde schon 1985 bereits nach drei Jahren wieder vom Markt genommen, erklärt Mikolajczak. “Die Restbestände kaufte eine Entsorgungsfirma auf und verschredderte sie in der Wüste von Utah.” Heute gebe es nur noch wenige Geräte – trotzdem rissen sich die Sammler aber nicht um Lisa. “Sie war zu erfolglos”, sagt der Kurator.

Im Heinz-Nixdorf-Museumsforum in Paderborn stehe Lisa zwischen weitaus erfolgreicheren Apple-Produkten, sagt Mikolajczak. Trotz ihres Misserfolgs traten Maus und grafische Benutzeroberfläche aber ab Mitte der 80er Jahre einen Siegeszug an. Inzwischen wurden weltweit Milliarden Mäuse verkauft. Sie machten etwa Microsoft mit seinem Windows-Betriebssystem zum Weltmarktführer.

Derweil arbeiten die Branchengrößen längst daran, ihr Erfolgsmodell wieder überflüssig zu machen. Bildschirme, die direkt auf Berührung reagieren und ohne extra Zeigegerät auskommen, sind eben noch einfacher zu bedienen.

Eine Übersicht über die Geschichte der Apple-Produkte in Bildern finden Sie hier: Apples Innovationen.

 

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Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Stocks Mixed After Volatile Week

U.S. stocks were mixed Friday at the end of one of the most volatile weeks in years for global markets. 80

Four Arrested in Hungary Over Migrant Truck Deaths

Flowers were placed where dozens of migrants were found dead.

Hungarian police said they had arrested four men after 71 migrants were found dead in a truck across the border in Austria on Thursday.

Hacker Killed by Drone Was Islamic State’s ‘Secret Weapon’

That Islamic State’s Junaid Hussain was targeted directly by the U.S. and U.K. shows the extent to which digital warfare has upset the balance of power on the modern battlefield. 182

Brazil’s Big Bet on China Turns Sour

Brazil’s big bet on China is turning sour as the Asian country’s once voracious appetite for Brazilian exports dims.

Lebanon’s youth-led “You Stink” movement initially formed as a protest against mounds of uncollected garbage in Beirut. Now it wants political change.

Lebanon’s youth-led “You Stink” movement initially formed as a protest against mounds of uncollected garbage in Beirut. Now it wants political change.

Anger Over Garbage in Lebanon Blossoms into Demands for Reform

Calls for political reform, however, collide with country’s entrenched, sectarian-based political system.

Fed Urged to Press Ahead With Rate Rise

After months of forewarning by the Fed that it is preparing to raise short-term interest rates, some international officials have a message: Get on with it already. 76

Big Oil Faces Prospect of Lower Refining Profits

For much of the past year, the world’s biggest energy companies suffered through an oil-price rout with one silver lining: Their little-loved refineries were churning out big profits again. Now, that bright spot could be fading, even as oil prices sink.

IMAGE 1 of 9

‘Craft’ Bourbon Is in the Eye of the Distiller

“Craft” distilleries have mushroomed in the U.S. to 588 from 51 over the past decade. Feeling the heat from the new competition, global liquor conglomerates are getting in on the act, and not letting definitions get in the way.

CEO of Ashley Madison Parent Steps Down

Avid Life Media, the parent company of infidelity website Ashley Madison, said Friday that its chief executive had left the company.

Hermès Plays Down China Luxury Risk

French luxury-goods company Hermès International said it expects demand for its pricey handbags and fashion to remain resilient and grow 8% this year despite the risk of an economic slowdown in China.

Luxury Brands Push Deeper Into India

As sales growth slows in China and other big markets, luxury-goods makers are seeking to cash in on patches of new wealth in often-unexpected parts of India, where there is a growing appetite for luxury brands.

‘Flash Crash’ Trader Denied Extradition Delay

British trader Navinder Sarao had requested a two-month delay in his extradition hearing.

Labor Group Says BofA CEO Moynihan Should Not be Chairman

A labor group is urging Bank of America shareholders to vote against a bylaw change that allows Brian Moynihan to hold the dual titles of bank CEO and chairman.

Oil Prices Resume Rally

Oil prices rose Friday, erasing earlier losses, as a surprise one-day rally extended to a second day.

How Do You Short China?

Traders are scouring stock, bond and currency markets for ways to make money on the malaise afflicting China. Some are piling into insurance-like contracts that would pay out if the country defaulted on a small pool of its foreign-denominated bonds.

China’s World

Markets? To Xi Jinping, Another Battle Comes First

Those who think a wilting economy and stock-market turmoil may divert Xi Jinping’s focus from his anticorruption campaign misunderstand his priorities.

Greece Names George Chouliarakis Interim Finance Minister

Greece named George Chouliarakis as the country’s interim finance minister, handing him control of the country’s purse strings until next month’s elections.

Ukraine’s U.S.-Born Finance Minister Praised for Persistence

Natalie Jaresko led months of tense negotiations with creditors, clocking thousands of air miles to reach a debt-relief deal that should help secure further bailout funds from the International Monetary Fund.

Russia

Moscow Strains To Upgrade Forces

Even as the country projects a muscular image, a falling ruble and weaker economy has forced President Vladimir Putin to scale back ambitious plans to modernize the military. 60

Speakers Play Role in Korean Deal

At the heaviest armed border in the world, South Korean officials say one of the most potent weapons is psychological warfare. As tensions abate between Seoul and Pyongyang, officials say propaganda broadcasts are a vital peacekeeper.

Mansion

A Swedish Couple’s Lakeside Oasis

Entrepreneur Olof Sköld and his partner, Helene Carson, build a retreat for their family

Technology

Pentagon Advances Partnership with Tech Firms for Flexible Electronics

The Pentagon is announcing that it will contribute seed money to a consortium of Silicon Valley firms to develop what defense officials say is a promising new technology incorporating “flexible” electronics.

China’s Moves Won’t Help U.S. Tech Firms

China’s moves to spur its slowing economy are having an important but less obvious effect on the tech sector: Strengthening local companies that were already making life difficult for U.S. rivals.

Video

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

Buzz Aldrin Developing Plan to Colonize Mars

1:09