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ECB Willing to Expand Stimulus Amid Growth Worry

ECB President Mario Draghi indicated that the bank stands ready to expand its stimulus programs and projected slower-than-expected economic growth in the eurozone, as well as lower inflation rates.

Stocks Rally on Hopes for More Stimulus

Global stocks rallied Thursday on signals of how central banks could contend with upheaval in financial markets.

Image of Syrian Boy Echoes Around World

Photos of a Syrian boy whose body washed ashore on a Turkish beach horrified people around the world as Europe’s migrant crisis escalates.

The 3-year-old was a Syrian Kurd whose family’s efforts to emigrate to Canada had been rebuffed, according to media and Kurdish activists. 312

Hungary’s Leader Says Migrant Crisis Is Germany’s Problem

Hundreds of migrants rushed trains at Hungary’s main station as Prime Minister Viktor Orban blamed Germany for Europe’s migration crisis and warned that border-free travel within the bloc is at risk. 112

Syrians Take Arctic Route to Europe

More than 150 refugees have entered Norway from Arctic Russia this year—a fraction of the estimated half-million people who have sought asylum in Europe, but the flow is quickening as Syrians share the tip for a cheaper and safer route.

Middle East Crossroads

Yemen’s Unity Frays in Leaderless Aden

The battles of recent months have reopened historic divisions between Yemen’s north and south, writes Yaroslav Trofimov.

Iran’s Khamenei Urges Lawmakers to Vote on Nuclear Deal

Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has urged the country’s parliament to vote on whether to implement a proposed nuclear deal with the U.S. and five other world powers.

NATO Opens Military Post in Lithuania

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization inaugurated a new command post in Vilnius Lithuania, one of six across the alliance’s eastern border meant to shore up the region’s defenses against Russia.

French Farmers Stage Paris Tractor Protest

Farmers converged on Paris, blocking streets in the east of the city with more than 1,000 tractors and gathering at the National Assembly to protest against high costs and low food prices.

Capital Account

For Russia, Oil Collapse Has Soviet Echoes

For most countries, the economic slowdown in China and the accompanying slump in commodity prices represent something between nuisance and pothole. For Russia, they are a catastrophe, writes Greg Ip. 93

Devaluation Strengthens China’s Hand at IMF

Beijing’s careful management of its currency since its devaluation last month is bolstering China’s bid to get the yuan included in the IMF’s basket of reserve currencies as soon as November.

Russia Says Economy Recovery Slow in Coming

The Russian government has acknowledged that the country’s economy is going to take longer to recover than it previously expected, weighed down by the slump in the value of the ruble.

Sweden Leaves Interest Rate Unchanged

Sweden’s central bank has left its main interest rate and bond-buying program unchanged, saying its existing policies were supporting the economy and would lead to inflation moving closer to its 2% target.

Inside Uber’s Fight With Its Chinese Nemesis

China’s multibillion-dollar ride-hailing market has erupted into a brawl between Uber and Beijing startup Didi Kuaidi.

Vivendi Chairman Ousts Longtime Chief of Canal Plus

French billionaire and Vivendi Chairman Vincent Bolloré has ousted the longtime chief of Canal Plus, further tightening his grip over the Vivendi-owned pay-TV group amid falling subscriber numbers.

Novartis to Begin Selling Copy of Amgen’s Neupogen in U.S.

Novartis said it will begin selling the first biosimilar drug in the U.S. at a 15% discount to the original after an appeals court denied Amgen’s request to block the Swiss drug maker’s sale of its copycat version of blockbuster remedy Neupogen.

Syngenta Moves to Calm Disappointed Shareholders

Syngenta moved to appease shareholders angered by its rejection of a takeover from Monsanto, saying it will divest its global vegetables seeds business and return more than $2 billion to shareholders.

Off Duty

Adventure & Travel

Not Far From Prague, a Czech Village Worth Rhapsodizing About

The frozen-in-time town of Český Krumlov has scenery and history—and beer—that keeps travelers coming back.

Markets

Krom River Closes Commodity Hedge Fund

Commodity hedge fund Krom River, which managed around $1 billion at its peak, is returning money to investors as it plans a shift in focus following a tough period for commodities funds.

Foreign Firms Feel China’s Chill

Market turmoil and Beijing’s crackdown on brokers and investors is complicating the plans of foreign funds and investment banks that had bet on bigger business in China.

Video

Armed Police Remove Migrants From Train in Hungary

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Migrant Crisis: The Schengen Agreement Explained

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Chaos in Budapest Station As Migrants Rush Trains

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20 Odd Questions

Manolo Blahnik on Old Films and Kate Moss

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A Modigliani Painting for $100 Million?

Christie’s International said it expects to ask roughly $100 million for a Modigliani nude that will be auctioned this fall, a bold reflection of how prices for blue-chip paintings have skyrocketed in recent seasons.

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Apples Lisa: 30 Jahre Rechner mit der Maus

dapd
Lisa-Heimcomputer von Apple aus dem Jahre 1983.
Von dapd

Sie wurde verlacht, verspottet und schließlich in der Wüste verschrottet: Am 3. Januar vor 30 Jahren brachte Apple seine Lisa auf den Markt. Es war der erste massentaugliche Computer mit grafischer Benutzeroberfläche – und einer Maus.

Damit konnten erstmals auch Menschen Computer bedienen, die keine kryptischen Programmiersprachen beherrschen, wie der Kurator des nach eigenen Angaben größten Computermuseums der Welt in Paderborn, Michael Mikolajczak, sagt. Apple-Gründer Steve Jobs erkannte sofort das Potenzial dieser neuen Technik.

Allerdings war Lisa kein Verkaufsschlager – was sicher auch am stolzen Preis von zunächst 9.995 Dollar für das neuartige Gerät gelegen habe, sagt Mikolajczak. Später senkte Apple den Preis zwar auf zunächst 6.000 und später 3.000 Dollar. Es half nichts, Lisa blieb ein Ladenhüter. Keine 60.000 Stück gingen nach Schätzungen von US-Behörden weltweit über die Ladentheken.

Steve Jobs wurde auf Computer mit Maus aufmerksam

Ein weiterer Grund für den schlechten Absatz war die schon sprichwörtlich schwache Leistung. 1983, als der Computer auf den Markt kam, seien “Knock, knock”-Witze unter Computer-Pionieren populär geworden, erinnert sich Mikolajczak. “Man klopfte an die Tür, wartete ein paar Minuten und freute sich dann: Lisa ist da!” Mit einem fünf Megahertz starken Prozessor, einem Megabyte Arbeits-und fünf Megabyte Festplattenspeicher reagierte Lisa sehr behäbig auf Eingaben – und wurde so zum Synonym für Langsamkeit.

“Vielleicht wollte Steve Jobs zu schnell zu viel”, sagt Mikolajczak über den Misserfolg von damals. Der 2011 gestorbene Apple-Mitgründer war 1979 in einem Forschungslabor auf den Xerox Alto aufmerksam geworden. Dieser hatte als weltweit erster Rechner eine Maus und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche – kam allerdings nicht in Serie auf den Massenmarkt.

Die ersten Ideen für die revolutionäre Bedienhilfe hatte der Erfinder Douglas C. Engelbarth bereits über zehn Jahre vor der Markteinführung von Lisa, wie Mikolajczak sagt. “Die waren noch aus Holz gebaut.” 1968 präsentierte Engelbarth seine erste Maus schließlich dem Fachpublikum. Zunächst gab es aber zu wenige Computer mit grafischer Benutzeroberfläche.

Verdrängt der Touchscreen die Maus?

Jobs habe sofort das wirtschaftliche Potenzial des Xerox-Computers erkannt und seine Entwickler angetrieben, etwas Ähnliches zu entwerfen. Allen Mahnungen zum Trotz äußerte er immer neue Wünsche für Lisa, die die Ingenieure auch verwirklichten - was den Preis allerdings auf knapp 10.000 Dollar trieb. “Jobs glaubte schon damals, dass ein Computer zum täglichen Leben dazugehören sollte”, sagt Mikolajczak.

Der Computer-Visionär erkannte, dass sich die Geräte dazu aber verändern mussten. Wenn Computer massentauglich werden sollten, brauchten sie ein besseres Design und eine einfachere Bedienung.

Lisas Ende in der Wüste

Lisa wurde schon 1985 bereits nach drei Jahren wieder vom Markt genommen, erklärt Mikolajczak. “Die Restbestände kaufte eine Entsorgungsfirma auf und verschredderte sie in der Wüste von Utah.” Heute gebe es nur noch wenige Geräte – trotzdem rissen sich die Sammler aber nicht um Lisa. “Sie war zu erfolglos”, sagt der Kurator.

Im Heinz-Nixdorf-Museumsforum in Paderborn stehe Lisa zwischen weitaus erfolgreicheren Apple-Produkten, sagt Mikolajczak. Trotz ihres Misserfolgs traten Maus und grafische Benutzeroberfläche aber ab Mitte der 80er Jahre einen Siegeszug an. Inzwischen wurden weltweit Milliarden Mäuse verkauft. Sie machten etwa Microsoft mit seinem Windows-Betriebssystem zum Weltmarktführer.

Derweil arbeiten die Branchengrößen längst daran, ihr Erfolgsmodell wieder überflüssig zu machen. Bildschirme, die direkt auf Berührung reagieren und ohne extra Zeigegerät auskommen, sind eben noch einfacher zu bedienen.

Eine Übersicht über die Geschichte der Apple-Produkte in Bildern finden Sie hier: Apples Innovationen.

 

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Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

ECB Willing to Expand Stimulus Amid Growth Worry

ECB President Mario Draghi indicated that the bank stands ready to expand its stimulus programs and projected slower-than-expected economic growth in the eurozone, as well as lower inflation rates.

Stocks Rally on Hopes for More Stimulus

Global stocks rallied Thursday on signals of how central banks could contend with upheaval in financial markets.

Image of Syrian Boy Echoes Around World

Photos of a Syrian boy whose body washed ashore on a Turkish beach horrified people around the world as Europe’s migrant crisis escalates.

The 3-year-old was a Syrian Kurd whose family’s efforts to emigrate to Canada had been rebuffed, according to media and Kurdish activists. 312

Hungary’s Leader Says Migrant Crisis Is Germany’s Problem

Hundreds of migrants rushed trains at Hungary’s main station as Prime Minister Viktor Orban blamed Germany for Europe’s migration crisis and warned that border-free travel within the bloc is at risk. 112

Syrians Take Arctic Route to Europe

More than 150 refugees have entered Norway from Arctic Russia this year—a fraction of the estimated half-million people who have sought asylum in Europe, but the flow is quickening as Syrians share the tip for a cheaper and safer route.

Middle East Crossroads

Yemen’s Unity Frays in Leaderless Aden

The battles of recent months have reopened historic divisions between Yemen’s north and south, writes Yaroslav Trofimov.

Iran’s Khamenei Urges Lawmakers to Vote on Nuclear Deal

Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has urged the country’s parliament to vote on whether to implement a proposed nuclear deal with the U.S. and five other world powers.

NATO Opens Military Post in Lithuania

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization inaugurated a new command post in Vilnius Lithuania, one of six across the alliance’s eastern border meant to shore up the region’s defenses against Russia.

French Farmers Stage Paris Tractor Protest

Farmers converged on Paris, blocking streets in the east of the city with more than 1,000 tractors and gathering at the National Assembly to protest against high costs and low food prices.

Capital Account

For Russia, Oil Collapse Has Soviet Echoes

For most countries, the economic slowdown in China and the accompanying slump in commodity prices represent something between nuisance and pothole. For Russia, they are a catastrophe, writes Greg Ip. 93

Devaluation Strengthens China’s Hand at IMF

Beijing’s careful management of its currency since its devaluation last month is bolstering China’s bid to get the yuan included in the IMF’s basket of reserve currencies as soon as November.

Russia Says Economy Recovery Slow in Coming

The Russian government has acknowledged that the country’s economy is going to take longer to recover than it previously expected, weighed down by the slump in the value of the ruble.

Sweden Leaves Interest Rate Unchanged

Sweden’s central bank has left its main interest rate and bond-buying program unchanged, saying its existing policies were supporting the economy and would lead to inflation moving closer to its 2% target.

Inside Uber’s Fight With Its Chinese Nemesis

China’s multibillion-dollar ride-hailing market has erupted into a brawl between Uber and Beijing startup Didi Kuaidi.

Vivendi Chairman Ousts Longtime Chief of Canal Plus

French billionaire and Vivendi Chairman Vincent Bolloré has ousted the longtime chief of Canal Plus, further tightening his grip over the Vivendi-owned pay-TV group amid falling subscriber numbers.

Novartis to Begin Selling Copy of Amgen’s Neupogen in U.S.

Novartis said it will begin selling the first biosimilar drug in the U.S. at a 15% discount to the original after an appeals court denied Amgen’s request to block the Swiss drug maker’s sale of its copycat version of blockbuster remedy Neupogen.

Syngenta Moves to Calm Disappointed Shareholders

Syngenta moved to appease shareholders angered by its rejection of a takeover from Monsanto, saying it will divest its global vegetables seeds business and return more than $2 billion to shareholders.

Off Duty

Adventure & Travel

Not Far From Prague, a Czech Village Worth Rhapsodizing About

The frozen-in-time town of Český Krumlov has scenery and history—and beer—that keeps travelers coming back.

Markets

Krom River Closes Commodity Hedge Fund

Commodity hedge fund Krom River, which managed around $1 billion at its peak, is returning money to investors as it plans a shift in focus following a tough period for commodities funds.

Foreign Firms Feel China’s Chill

Market turmoil and Beijing’s crackdown on brokers and investors is complicating the plans of foreign funds and investment banks that had bet on bigger business in China.

Video

Armed Police Remove Migrants From Train in Hungary

0:53

Migrant Crisis: The Schengen Agreement Explained

1:55

Chaos in Budapest Station As Migrants Rush Trains

2:13

20 Odd Questions

Manolo Blahnik on Old Films and Kate Moss

The shoe designer on what he’d blow his money on, the drama behind Kate Moss’s wedding shoes and exactly how he feels about fake Manolos.