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Investors Betting on More ECB Stimulus

Six months after the European Central Bank launched its blockbuster bond-buying program to rouse the region’s economy, some investors are betting that authorities will crank stimulus efforts even higher.

Global Stocks Try to Regain Footing

Global stock markets rebounded slightly though investors remained cautious amid lasting concerns over China’s economy.

China Imposes New Controls to Keep Money From Leaving Country

China is imposing fresh controls to prevent too much money from leaving the country, in an effort to keep funds at home.

Conglomerate Honeywell Finds Love Amid the Breakups

Investors have rewarded Honeywell, even as other conglomerates have been pressured to tighten their focus.

Analysis

Clashing Interests Hamstring EU Response to Crisis

Europe’s migrant struggle highlights the chasm between Europe’s principles and its ability to live up to them.

Tesco Closer to $7 Billion South Korea Deal

U.K. retailer Tesco has chosen Asian private-equity firm MBK Partners as the preferred bidder to buy its South Korea retail operations in a deal that could be worth up to $7 billion.

EU Set to Extend Sanctions on Russians, Ukraine Rebels

The EU is set to roll over sanctions targeted against almost 200 Russian and Ukrainian-separatist individuals and firms to keep pressure on Moscow to fully implement the Minsk cease-fire terms by year end.

Lego Profit Boosted by Asia

Danish toy maker Lego outpaced the growth for building sets in the wider U.S. toy market, booking a 31% jump in first-half profit and a 23% rise in revenue.

Volkswagen Board Members Want to Extend CEO Winterkorn’s Contract

Key members of Volkswagen’s supervisory board want an extension of Chief Executive Martin Winterkorn’s contract until the end of 2018, the German car maker said.

McDonald’s Plans All-Day Breakfast

McDonald’s is embarking on its biggest operational change in years with plans to offer breakfast all day. 78

South African Gold Faces Uncertain Future

South Africa’s gold mining industry must undergo radical change to cope with falling prices, intensifying labor disputes and the surging cost of ever-deeper exploration.

Amgen to Help Develop Novartis’s Pipeline of Alzheimer’s Drugs

Novartis AG will share the risks and rewards as Amgen Inc. will help develop its pipeline of experimental Alzheimer’s disease drugs.

Commodity Drop Slows Canada Down

Canada’s woes are a harbinger of what could come for a small clutch of advanced economies that rely heavily on commodity exports, and demand from China, for their economic growth.

UBS Unit to Pay More Than $2.9 Million to Investors in Puerto Rico

UBS AG’s wealth-management unit was ordered to pay more than $2.9 million to two investors in Puerto Rico for losses tied to funds holding the island’s municipal bonds.

Market Bets Abound, but Where Are the Banks?

Goldman Sachs and its big-bank peers have sharply reduced their market exposure, making them relatively absent from trading in the latest volatility.

As Wall Street brims with tales of hedge-fund fortunes made and lost amid recent market gyrations, banks have been stuck on the sidelines, hamstrung by postcrisis rules governing what risks they can take.

Portuguese Central Bank Ends Talks With Anbang Over Novo Banco Sale

Portugal’s central bank will now enter talks with another bidder for the Portuguese bank created out of failed lender Banco Espírito Santo last year.

Greek Polls Suggest Tough Election Test for Tsipras

Opinion polls show declining support for Greece’s Syriza party and its leader, Alexis Tsipras. But Syriza retains a lead over its opponents and the Sept. 20 election could be tight.

Main Suspect in Bangkok Bombing Arrested

Thailand’s prime minister said security forces arrested a man whom they believe to be the primary suspect in the bombing of a shrine in Bangkok last month.

Pope to Make It Easier for Priests to Grant Pardons for Abortion

Pope Francis will make it easier for priests to forgive women for having had abortions, and those who assisted, during a “year of mercy” starting Dec. 8. 583

U.N. Condemns Destruction of Ancient Palmyra Temple

The United Nations condemned the destruction of the 2,000-year-old Temple of Bel in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra, a monument it called one of most important in the Middle East.

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Intel Bets New Chips Will Revive PC Sales

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U.S. Report Sees Economic Benefit in Allowing Oil Exports

Lifting the nation’s four-decade ban on oil exports wouldn’t raise gas prices and could help lower them, a government study concludes.

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Apples Lisa: 30 Jahre Rechner mit der Maus

dapd
Lisa-Heimcomputer von Apple aus dem Jahre 1983.
Von dapd

Sie wurde verlacht, verspottet und schließlich in der Wüste verschrottet: Am 3. Januar vor 30 Jahren brachte Apple seine Lisa auf den Markt. Es war der erste massentaugliche Computer mit grafischer Benutzeroberfläche – und einer Maus.

Damit konnten erstmals auch Menschen Computer bedienen, die keine kryptischen Programmiersprachen beherrschen, wie der Kurator des nach eigenen Angaben größten Computermuseums der Welt in Paderborn, Michael Mikolajczak, sagt. Apple-Gründer Steve Jobs erkannte sofort das Potenzial dieser neuen Technik.

Allerdings war Lisa kein Verkaufsschlager – was sicher auch am stolzen Preis von zunächst 9.995 Dollar für das neuartige Gerät gelegen habe, sagt Mikolajczak. Später senkte Apple den Preis zwar auf zunächst 6.000 und später 3.000 Dollar. Es half nichts, Lisa blieb ein Ladenhüter. Keine 60.000 Stück gingen nach Schätzungen von US-Behörden weltweit über die Ladentheken.

Steve Jobs wurde auf Computer mit Maus aufmerksam

Ein weiterer Grund für den schlechten Absatz war die schon sprichwörtlich schwache Leistung. 1983, als der Computer auf den Markt kam, seien “Knock, knock”-Witze unter Computer-Pionieren populär geworden, erinnert sich Mikolajczak. “Man klopfte an die Tür, wartete ein paar Minuten und freute sich dann: Lisa ist da!” Mit einem fünf Megahertz starken Prozessor, einem Megabyte Arbeits-und fünf Megabyte Festplattenspeicher reagierte Lisa sehr behäbig auf Eingaben – und wurde so zum Synonym für Langsamkeit.

“Vielleicht wollte Steve Jobs zu schnell zu viel”, sagt Mikolajczak über den Misserfolg von damals. Der 2011 gestorbene Apple-Mitgründer war 1979 in einem Forschungslabor auf den Xerox Alto aufmerksam geworden. Dieser hatte als weltweit erster Rechner eine Maus und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche – kam allerdings nicht in Serie auf den Massenmarkt.

Die ersten Ideen für die revolutionäre Bedienhilfe hatte der Erfinder Douglas C. Engelbarth bereits über zehn Jahre vor der Markteinführung von Lisa, wie Mikolajczak sagt. “Die waren noch aus Holz gebaut.” 1968 präsentierte Engelbarth seine erste Maus schließlich dem Fachpublikum. Zunächst gab es aber zu wenige Computer mit grafischer Benutzeroberfläche.

Verdrängt der Touchscreen die Maus?

Jobs habe sofort das wirtschaftliche Potenzial des Xerox-Computers erkannt und seine Entwickler angetrieben, etwas Ähnliches zu entwerfen. Allen Mahnungen zum Trotz äußerte er immer neue Wünsche für Lisa, die die Ingenieure auch verwirklichten - was den Preis allerdings auf knapp 10.000 Dollar trieb. “Jobs glaubte schon damals, dass ein Computer zum täglichen Leben dazugehören sollte”, sagt Mikolajczak.

Der Computer-Visionär erkannte, dass sich die Geräte dazu aber verändern mussten. Wenn Computer massentauglich werden sollten, brauchten sie ein besseres Design und eine einfachere Bedienung.

Lisas Ende in der Wüste

Lisa wurde schon 1985 bereits nach drei Jahren wieder vom Markt genommen, erklärt Mikolajczak. “Die Restbestände kaufte eine Entsorgungsfirma auf und verschredderte sie in der Wüste von Utah.” Heute gebe es nur noch wenige Geräte – trotzdem rissen sich die Sammler aber nicht um Lisa. “Sie war zu erfolglos”, sagt der Kurator.

Im Heinz-Nixdorf-Museumsforum in Paderborn stehe Lisa zwischen weitaus erfolgreicheren Apple-Produkten, sagt Mikolajczak. Trotz ihres Misserfolgs traten Maus und grafische Benutzeroberfläche aber ab Mitte der 80er Jahre einen Siegeszug an. Inzwischen wurden weltweit Milliarden Mäuse verkauft. Sie machten etwa Microsoft mit seinem Windows-Betriebssystem zum Weltmarktführer.

Derweil arbeiten die Branchengrößen längst daran, ihr Erfolgsmodell wieder überflüssig zu machen. Bildschirme, die direkt auf Berührung reagieren und ohne extra Zeigegerät auskommen, sind eben noch einfacher zu bedienen.

Eine Übersicht über die Geschichte der Apple-Produkte in Bildern finden Sie hier: Apples Innovationen.

 

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Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Investors Betting on More ECB Stimulus

Six months after the European Central Bank launched its blockbuster bond-buying program to rouse the region’s economy, some investors are betting that authorities will crank stimulus efforts even higher.

Global Stocks Try to Regain Footing

Global stock markets rebounded slightly though investors remained cautious amid lasting concerns over China’s economy.

China Imposes New Controls to Keep Money From Leaving Country

China is imposing fresh controls to prevent too much money from leaving the country, in an effort to keep funds at home.

Conglomerate Honeywell Finds Love Amid the Breakups

Investors have rewarded Honeywell, even as other conglomerates have been pressured to tighten their focus.

Analysis

Clashing Interests Hamstring EU Response to Crisis

Europe’s migrant struggle highlights the chasm between Europe’s principles and its ability to live up to them.

Tesco Closer to $7 Billion South Korea Deal

U.K. retailer Tesco has chosen Asian private-equity firm MBK Partners as the preferred bidder to buy its South Korea retail operations in a deal that could be worth up to $7 billion.

EU Set to Extend Sanctions on Russians, Ukraine Rebels

The EU is set to roll over sanctions targeted against almost 200 Russian and Ukrainian-separatist individuals and firms to keep pressure on Moscow to fully implement the Minsk cease-fire terms by year end.

Lego Profit Boosted by Asia

Danish toy maker Lego outpaced the growth for building sets in the wider U.S. toy market, booking a 31% jump in first-half profit and a 23% rise in revenue.

Volkswagen Board Members Want to Extend CEO Winterkorn’s Contract

Key members of Volkswagen’s supervisory board want an extension of Chief Executive Martin Winterkorn’s contract until the end of 2018, the German car maker said.

McDonald’s Plans All-Day Breakfast

McDonald’s is embarking on its biggest operational change in years with plans to offer breakfast all day. 78

South African Gold Faces Uncertain Future

South Africa’s gold mining industry must undergo radical change to cope with falling prices, intensifying labor disputes and the surging cost of ever-deeper exploration.

Amgen to Help Develop Novartis’s Pipeline of Alzheimer’s Drugs

Novartis AG will share the risks and rewards as Amgen Inc. will help develop its pipeline of experimental Alzheimer’s disease drugs.

Commodity Drop Slows Canada Down

Canada’s woes are a harbinger of what could come for a small clutch of advanced economies that rely heavily on commodity exports, and demand from China, for their economic growth.

UBS Unit to Pay More Than $2.9 Million to Investors in Puerto Rico

UBS AG’s wealth-management unit was ordered to pay more than $2.9 million to two investors in Puerto Rico for losses tied to funds holding the island’s municipal bonds.

Market Bets Abound, but Where Are the Banks?

Goldman Sachs and its big-bank peers have sharply reduced their market exposure, making them relatively absent from trading in the latest volatility.

As Wall Street brims with tales of hedge-fund fortunes made and lost amid recent market gyrations, banks have been stuck on the sidelines, hamstrung by postcrisis rules governing what risks they can take.

Portuguese Central Bank Ends Talks With Anbang Over Novo Banco Sale

Portugal’s central bank will now enter talks with another bidder for the Portuguese bank created out of failed lender Banco Espírito Santo last year.

Greek Polls Suggest Tough Election Test for Tsipras

Opinion polls show declining support for Greece’s Syriza party and its leader, Alexis Tsipras. But Syriza retains a lead over its opponents and the Sept. 20 election could be tight.

Main Suspect in Bangkok Bombing Arrested

Thailand’s prime minister said security forces arrested a man whom they believe to be the primary suspect in the bombing of a shrine in Bangkok last month.

Pope to Make It Easier for Priests to Grant Pardons for Abortion

Pope Francis will make it easier for priests to forgive women for having had abortions, and those who assisted, during a “year of mercy” starting Dec. 8. 583

U.N. Condemns Destruction of Ancient Palmyra Temple

The United Nations condemned the destruction of the 2,000-year-old Temple of Bel in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra, a monument it called one of most important in the Middle East.

Technology

Intel Bets New Chips Will Revive PC Sales

Intel is overhauling its flagship line of computer chips in a high-stakes bid to revive personal-computer sales.

U.S.

Sidney Blumenthal, center, a longtime Hillary Clinton friend who was an unofficial adviser while she was secretary of state, takes a lunch break during a private session of the House Select Committee on Benghazi in Washington in June.

Emails Point to Large Role for Clinton Adviser

Longtime aide Sidney Blumenthal maintained an outsize role with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, despite being blocked from taking a job at the department. 71

U.S. Report Sees Economic Benefit in Allowing Oil Exports

Lifting the nation’s four-decade ban on oil exports wouldn’t raise gas prices and could help lower them, a government study concludes.

Video

Hungary Stops Migrants Boarding Trains To Germany

1:46

Ukraine Protest Blast Kills Officer, Injures Dozens

0:45

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38