The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Austria Struggles to Identify Migrants’ Bodies

Veteran police investigators say they have never faced a task like identifying the 71 bodies of would-be refugees unloaded from the back of a truck found abandoned along a highway last week.

Analysis

Tsipras Moves Greece Past Austerity Debate

Greeks can now have a conventional political debate on the choices needed to hit its bailout targets.

Chinese Navy Ships Operating in Bering Sea Off Alaska Coast

Five Chinese navy ships are currently operating in the Bering Sea, off the coast of Alaska, the first time the U.S. military has seen such activity in the area. 468

For Russia, Oil Collapse Has Soviet Echoes

For most countries, the economic slowdown in China and the accompanying slump in commodity prices represent something between nuisance and pothole. For Russia, they are a catastrophe, writes Greg Ip. 55

Inside Uber’s Fight With Its Chinese Nemesis

China’s multibillion-dollar ride-hailing market has erupted into a brawl between Uber and Beijing startup Didi Kuaidi.

Apple’s Latest Challenge: Topping Its Own Success

Apple’s iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus reignited sales growth for the smartphone. But analysts predict muted growth for its latest models due out next week.

Obama Locks in Votes to Secure Iran Nuclear Deal

President Barack Obama locked in enough support in Congress to ensure he can overcome bipartisan opposition and implement a landmark nuclear accord with Iran. 1603

Huawei Rings in Changes to Challenge Samsung

For years, Samsung Electronics has been the world’s smartphone leader, but its global dominance appears to be increasingly under attack from fast-growing Chinese rival Huawei Technologies.

Volkswagen Extends CEO Martin Winterkorn’s Contract

German car maker Volkswagen said it would extend the contract of Chief Executive Martin Winterkorn through 2018, ending speculation that he could step down as CEO and become chairman.

Tesco Closer to $7 Billion South Korea Deal

U.K. retailer Tesco has chosen Asian private-equity firm MBK Partners as the preferred bidder to buy its South Korea retail operations in a deal that could be worth up to $7 billion.

Shell, Exxon Must Pay Groningen Quake Compensation

A Dutch court ruled that Royal Dutch Shell and Exxon Mobil must compensate homeowners for a drop in house prices caused by earthquakes linked to production at the Groningen gas field.

Elves, Ninjas, Currency Power Lego Earnings

Lego said its 31% jump in first-half profit and 23% rise in revenue was fueled by strong sales of its Ninjago and Elves sets, but also by the weakness of the Danish krone and the euro.

Private-Equity Firms Explore Bids for Petco

Private-equity firms are examining a possible purchase of Petco Holdings, the pet-store chain that filed to go public last month.

Malaysian Fund 1MDB Has Tens of Millions of Dollars Frozen

Swiss authorities said they had frozen funds worth tens of millions of dollars linked to 1Malaysia Development Berhad as part of an investigation into alleged corruption.

Barclays Sells Portuguese Retail-Banking Business

Barclays PLC has sold its Portuguese retail banking business to Spain’s Bankinter SA, as the British bank scales back its presence in less profitable markets.

Heard on the Street

Slumping Commodities Force Glencore to Make a Tough Trade

Glencore is under fire because of its high debt levels relative to mining peers. It can free up cash in its trading business, but that raises the risk of denting its earnings power.

At Least 22 Killed in Suicide Bombings at Mosque in Yemen

A pair of suicide bombings killed a least 22 people Wednesday at a mosque in San’a, just hours after a gunman killed two Red Cross workers.

The Iran Nuclear Deal Explained

Iran has reached a historic agreement with major world powers over its nuclear program. Here are the main points of the pact, and what supporters and critics are saying.

Police: Main Bangkok Bombing Suspect Is Uighur

A senior Thai police investigator said for the first time that the main suspect in the deadly bombing at a Bangkok shrine last month is believed to be a member of China’s Uighur ethnic minority.

Greek Polls Suggest Tough Election Test for Tsipras

Opinion polls show declining support for Greece’s Syriza party and its leader, Alexis Tsipras. But Syriza retains a lead over its opponents and the Sept. 20 election could be tight.

EU Set to Extend Sanctions on Russians, Ukraine Rebels

The EU is set to roll over sanctions targeted against almost 200 Russian and Ukrainian-separatist individuals and firms to keep pressure on Moscow to fully implement the Minsk cease-fire terms by year end.

Bush Takes Gloves Off, Attacks Trump Directly

After weeks of enduring rival Donald Trump’s attacks, Jeb Bush released an Internet video aimed at trying to muscle his way back to the front of the pack and undermine the celebrity businessman’s fitness to be the GOP standard-bearer. 455

Emails Point to Large Role for Clinton Adviser Blumenthal

Longtime aide Sidney Blumenthal maintained an outsize role with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, despite being blocked from taking a job at the department. 188

Joe Biden’s Florida Trip Draws Campaign-Level Attention

Vice President Joe Biden received full-court national attention for an otherwise routine visit to Miami Dade College on Wednesday, with dozens of television cameras, photographers and reporters there to cover his roughly 30 minutes of remarks.

Search Continues for Three Suspects After Illinois Policeman Killed

As a small northern Illinois community mourned a popular veteran police officer who was fatally shot while on duty, authorities scoured the area overnight in search of three men wanted in his slaying. 71

U.S. Report Sees Economic Benefit in Allowing Oil Exports

Lifting the nation’s four-decade ban on oil exports wouldn’t raise gas prices and could help lower them, a government study concludes. 54

Video

Hungarian Police Struggle to Control Migrants

2:02

The Iran Nuclear Deal Explained

3:34

Uber Class-Action Lawsuit: What's at Stake

2:39

20 Odd Questions

Manolo Blahnik on Old Films and Kate Moss

The shoe designer on what he’d blow his money on, the drama behind Kate Moss’s wedding shoes and exactly how he feels about fake Manolos.

WSJ. Magazine

Robert Redford: From Sundance Kid to Hollywood Legend

The legendary actor is as busy as ever, with starring roles in the film adaptation of Bill Bryson’s ‘A Walk in the Woods’ and in the forthcoming drama, ‘Truth.’

WSJ Blogs

Real-time commentary and analysis from The Wall Street Journal
WSJ Tech
Wie das Netz die Wirtschaft verändert

Facebook-Vorschaubilder werden zur Abmahnfalle

Wer Freunde auf Facebook durch einen Link auf eine Website hinweisen will, könnte unter Umständen abgemahnt werden. Der Rechtsanwalt Frank Weiß, unter anderem spezialisiert auf Marken- und Urheberrecht, berichtet von einem gewerblichen Kunden, dem genau das passiert ist.

Stellt ein Nutzer einen Link bei Facebook ein, zeigt Facebook ein kleines Vorschaubild von der Original-Website an. Das Bild soll anderen Nutzern auf einen Blick erfassen lassen, um was es sich bei dem geteilten Link handelt. Das entsprechende Miniaturbild kann der Nutzer auch deaktivieren – standardmäßig aber wird es eingefügt.

Anwalt Weiß berichtet in seinem Blog, dass einem von ihm vertretenen Betreiber einer Facebook-Seite vorgeworfen werde, durch die Funktion Urheberrechte in Bezug auf das bei Facebook angezeigte Miniaturbild verletzt zu haben. Die Berliner Kanzlei Pixel Law habe im Namen einer Mandantin, die angeblich die Fotografin des Fotos ist, „die sofortige Entfernung des Bildes, die Abgabe einer strafbewehrten Unterlassungserklärung sowie Schadensersatz und die Erstattung der Rechtsverfolgungskosten (Kosten der Abmahnung)“ gefordert. Die Fotografin ist nach Angaben der Kanzlei Schwenke bereits durch ähnliche Abmahnungen aufgefallen.

1746,69 Euro für ein Briefmarken-Bild

Für den geteilten Link soll der Mandant von Weiß so insgesamt 1746,69 Euro zahlen – davon 546,69 Euro Abmahnkosten für die Berliner Kanzlei. „1746,69 EUR für ein Bild, kaum größer als eine Briefmarke!“ schreibt der Anwalt. „An dieser Abmahnung wird wieder einmal deutlich, wie schnell man sich durch unbedachtes Handeln erheblichen Forderungen ausgesetzt sehen kann“, so Weiß.

Pixel Law verteidigt die Abmahnung

“Es ist zugegebenermaßen sportlich hier mit 1200 ranzugehen”, räumt Andreas Weingärtner, Rechtsanwalt bei der Kanzlei Pixel Law ein, welche die Abmahnung im Auftrag der Mandantin verschickt hat. Sie hat sich auf Urheberrechtsverstöße im Bereich der Fotografie spezialisiert. “Wir sind aber immer bereit zu reden und werden immer verhandlungsbereit sein”. Die Abmahnung habe in erster Linie den Sinn, das Unrechtsbewusstsein zu schärfen. “Wer mit uns redet, zahlt deutlich weniger”, gibt der Anwalt an.

Außerdem würde die Kanzlei nur gewerbliche Nutzer abmahnen, niemals Privatleute. “Wenn jemand wirklich gar kein Geld hat und das glaubhaft belegen kann – zum Beispiel ein Existenzgründer - zahlt er gar nichts. Wir sind keine Unmenschen. Es geht uns nicht darum, Meschen wirtschaftlich zu vernichten”, sagt Weingärtner. Im vorliegenden Fall seien etwa zehn Unternehmen abgemahnt worden, weil sie das Bild ohne Erlaubnis der Autorin verwendet haben. Das Foto habe die betroffene Fotografin bereits für 600 Euro verkauft, die Schadensersatzforderung sei daher nicht aus der Luft gegriffen. Bei unrechtmäßiger Nutzung würde das Honorar einfach verdoppelt.

Das Dilemma: Auch wenn der Abgemahnte Zweifel an der Höhe des Schadensersatzes und der Abmahnkosten geltend machen kann – streng genommen wird vermutlich tatsächlich mit jedem eingestellten Link bei Facebook, bei der ein Miniaturbild angezeigt wird, eine Urheberrechtsverletzung begangen, erklärt Anwalt Weiß. „Zur Vermeidung derartiger Abmahnungen können wir nur anraten, derartige Verlinkungen ausschließlich ohne Miniaturbild bei Facebook zu teilen“, erklärt der Urheberrechtsexperte.

Der Rechtsanwalt Thomas Schwenke von der Kanzlei Schwenke will sich diesem Rat nicht anschließen. Auch er glaubt, dass auch die von den Plattformen erstellten Vorschaubilder einer Einwilligung der Urheber bedürfen. Trotzdem würden für kommerzielle Betreiber von Facebook-Seiten die wirtschaftlichen Vorteile das Risiko überwiegen. „Denn Linktipps mit Bildern werden schlicht eher wahrgenommen“, schreibt Schwenke in seinem Blog.

Experten fordern Urheberrechtsreform

Nach Angaben des Anwalts nehmen Abmahnungen wegen Bildverstößen rapide zu. „Waren es letztes Jahr vor allem Blogs, die massenweise abgemahnt worden sind, scheinen sich die Abmahner nun den sozialen Netzwerken zuzuwenden“, schreibt Schwenke. Dabei werde erneut deutlich wie wenig das Urheberrecht den „modernen technischen und sozialen Entwicklungen gerecht wird“.

Netzaktivisten, Piratenpartei und Grüne fordern daher schon lange eine Reform ein an die Realität des Internets angepasstes Urheberrecht. Erste Abmahnwellen grassierten schon mit dem Aufkommen des Webs in Deutschland Mitte der 1990er Jahre. Weitere Abmahnfallen bei Facebook listet Anwalt Weiß in seinem Blog auf. Der Rechtsanwalt Arno Lampmann hatte im April 2012 von einem Fall berichtet, indem ein Facebook-Nutzer wegen eines von einem Dritten auf seiner öffentlichen Pinnwand veröffentlichten Foto abgemahnt wurde.

Andreas Weingärtner von Pixel Law sieht Facebook in der Pflicht. Es stimme, das Nutzer zur Urheberrechtsverletzung verleitet werden, ohne dass sie das möglicherweise wissen. “Aber das ist nicht das Problem des Fotografen. Facebook muss sich dem im Land geltenden Rechts anpassen und nicht umgekehrt”, sagt er.

Kommentar abgeben

Wir begrüßen gut durchdachte Kommentare von Lesern. Bitte beachten Sie unsere Richtlinien.

Kommentare (1 aus 1)

Alle Kommentare »
    • [...] Abmahnkanzlei sich durchgerungen, endlich auch Vorschaubilder, die bei Facebook angezeigt werden, abzumahnen. Unglaublich. Der Gesetzgeber sieht sich veranlasst, nun endlich gegen die Abmahnindustrie [...]

Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Austria Struggles to Identify Migrants’ Bodies

Veteran police investigators say they have never faced a task like identifying the 71 bodies of would-be refugees unloaded from the back of a truck found abandoned along a highway last week.

Apple’s Latest Challenge: Topping Its Own Success

Apple’s iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus reignited sales growth for the smartphone. But analysts predict muted growth for its latest models due out next week.

Chinese Navy Ships Operating in Bering Sea Off Alaska Coast

Five Chinese navy ships are currently operating in the Bering Sea, off the coast of Alaska, the first time the U.S. military has seen such activity in the area. 468

For Russia, Oil Collapse Has Soviet Echoes

For most countries, the economic slowdown in China and the accompanying slump in commodity prices represent something between nuisance and pothole. For Russia, they are a catastrophe, writes Greg Ip. 55

Inside Uber’s Fight With Its Chinese Nemesis

China’s multibillion-dollar ride-hailing market has erupted into a brawl between Uber and Beijing startup Didi Kuaidi.

Obama Locks in Votes to Secure Iran Nuclear Deal

President Barack Obama locked in enough support in Congress to ensure he can overcome bipartisan opposition and implement a landmark nuclear accord with Iran. 1603

Analysis

Tsipras Moves Greece Past Austerity Debate

Greeks can now have a conventional political debate on the choices needed to hit its bailout targets.

A Modigliani Painting for $100 Million?

Christie’s International said it expects to ask roughly $100 million for a Modigliani nude that will be auctioned this fall, a bold reflection of how prices for blue-chip paintings have skyrocketed in recent seasons.

Huawei Rings in Changes to Challenge Samsung

For years, Samsung Electronics has been the world’s smartphone leader, but its global dominance appears to be increasingly under attack from fast-growing Chinese rival Huawei Technologies.

Volkswagen Extends CEO Martin Winterkorn’s Contract

German car maker Volkswagen said it would extend the contract of Chief Executive Martin Winterkorn through 2018, ending speculation that he could step down as CEO and become chairman.

Tesco Closer to $7 Billion South Korea Deal

U.K. retailer Tesco has chosen Asian private-equity firm MBK Partners as the preferred bidder to buy its South Korea retail operations in a deal that could be worth up to $7 billion.

Shell, Exxon Must Pay Groningen Quake Compensation

A Dutch court ruled that Royal Dutch Shell and Exxon Mobil must compensate homeowners for a drop in house prices caused by earthquakes linked to production at the Groningen gas field.

Private-Equity Firms Explore Bids for Petco

Private-equity firms are examining a possible purchase of Petco Holdings, the pet-store chain that filed to go public last month.

Giant U.S. Pension Fund to Propose Shift Away From Stocks, Bonds

The California State Teachers’ Retirement System, the nation’s second-largest pension fund, is considering a significant shift away from some stocks and bonds amid turbulent markets world-wide. 90

Malaysian Fund 1MDB Has Tens of Millions of Dollars Frozen

Swiss authorities said they had frozen funds worth tens of millions of dollars linked to 1Malaysia Development Berhad as part of an investigation into alleged corruption.

Barclays Sells Portuguese Retail-Banking Business

Barclays PLC has sold its Portuguese retail banking business to Spain’s Bankinter SA, as the British bank scales back its presence in less profitable markets.

Gas Discovery in Egypt Concerns Israel

Israeli officials have expressed concern that the new discovery of an extensive gas field off the coast of Egypt could upend Israeli development of its own energy resources.

At Least 22 Killed in Suicide Bombings at Mosque in Yemen

A pair of suicide bombings killed a least 22 people Wednesday at a mosque in San’a, just hours after a gunman killed two Red Cross workers.

The Iran Nuclear Deal Explained

Iran has reached a historic agreement with major world powers over its nuclear program. Here are the main points of the pact, and what supporters and critics are saying.

Police: Main Bangkok Bombing Suspect Is Uighur

A senior Thai police investigator said for the first time that the main suspect in the deadly bombing at a Bangkok shrine last month is believed to be a member of China’s Uighur ethnic minority.

EU Set to Extend Sanctions on Russians, Ukraine Rebels

The EU is set to roll over sanctions targeted against almost 200 Russian and Ukrainian-separatist individuals and firms to keep pressure on Moscow to fully implement the Minsk cease-fire terms by year end.

Bush Takes Gloves Off, Attacks Trump Directly

After weeks of enduring rival Donald Trump’s attacks, Jeb Bush released an Internet video aimed at trying to muscle his way back to the front of the pack and undermine the celebrity businessman’s fitness to be the GOP standard-bearer. 455

Emails Point to Large Role for Clinton Adviser Blumenthal

Longtime aide Sidney Blumenthal maintained an outsize role with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, despite being blocked from taking a job at the department. 188

Joe Biden’s Florida Trip Draws Campaign-Level Attention

Vice President Joe Biden received full-court national attention for an otherwise routine visit to Miami Dade College on Wednesday, with dozens of television cameras, photographers and reporters there to cover his roughly 30 minutes of remarks.

Search Continues for Three Suspects After Illinois Policeman Killed

As a small northern Illinois community mourned a popular veteran police officer who was fatally shot while on duty, authorities scoured the area overnight in search of three men wanted in his slaying. 71

U.S. Report Sees Economic Benefit in Allowing Oil Exports

Lifting the nation’s four-decade ban on oil exports wouldn’t raise gas prices and could help lower them, a government study concludes. 54

Video

Hungarian Police Struggle to Control Migrants

2:02

The Iran Nuclear Deal Explained

3:34

Uber Class-Action Lawsuit: What's at Stake

2:39