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Austria Struggles to Identify Migrants’ Bodies

Veteran police investigators say they have never faced a task like identifying the 71 bodies of would-be refugees unloaded from the back of a truck found abandoned along a highway last week.

Apple’s Latest Challenge: Topping Its Own Success

Apple’s iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus reignited sales growth for the smartphone. But analysts predict muted growth for its latest models due out next week.

Chinese Navy Ships Operating in Bering Sea Off Alaska Coast

Five Chinese navy ships are currently operating in the Bering Sea, off the coast of Alaska, the first time the U.S. military has seen such activity in the area. 469

For Russia, Oil Collapse Has Soviet Echoes

For most countries, the economic slowdown in China and the accompanying slump in commodity prices represent something between nuisance and pothole. For Russia, they are a catastrophe, writes Greg Ip. 55

Inside Uber’s Fight With Its Chinese Nemesis

China’s multibillion-dollar ride-hailing market has erupted into a brawl between Uber and Beijing startup Didi Kuaidi.

Obama Locks in Votes to Secure Iran Nuclear Deal

President Barack Obama locked in enough support in Congress to ensure he can overcome bipartisan opposition and implement a landmark nuclear accord with Iran. 1610

Analysis

Tsipras Moves Greece Past Austerity Debate

Greeks can now have a conventional political debate on the choices needed to hit its bailout targets.

A Modigliani Painting for $100 Million?

Christie’s International said it expects to ask roughly $100 million for a Modigliani nude that will be auctioned this fall, a bold reflection of how prices for blue-chip paintings have skyrocketed in recent seasons.

Huawei Rings in Changes to Challenge Samsung

For years, Samsung Electronics has been the world’s smartphone leader, but its global dominance appears to be increasingly under attack from fast-growing Chinese rival Huawei Technologies.

Volkswagen Extends CEO Martin Winterkorn’s Contract

German car maker Volkswagen said it would extend the contract of Chief Executive Martin Winterkorn through 2018, ending speculation that he could step down as CEO and become chairman.

Tesco Closer to $7 Billion South Korea Deal

U.K. retailer Tesco has chosen Asian private-equity firm MBK Partners as the preferred bidder to buy its South Korea retail operations in a deal that could be worth up to $7 billion.

Shell, Exxon Must Pay Groningen Quake Compensation

A Dutch court ruled that Royal Dutch Shell and Exxon Mobil must compensate homeowners for a drop in house prices caused by earthquakes linked to production at the Groningen gas field.

Private-Equity Firms Explore Bids for Petco

Private-equity firms are examining a possible purchase of Petco Holdings, the pet-store chain that filed to go public last month.

Giant U.S. Pension Fund to Propose Shift Away From Stocks, Bonds

The California State Teachers’ Retirement System, the nation’s second-largest pension fund, is considering a significant shift away from some stocks and bonds amid turbulent markets world-wide. 90

Malaysian Fund 1MDB Has Tens of Millions of Dollars Frozen

Swiss authorities said they had frozen funds worth tens of millions of dollars linked to 1Malaysia Development Berhad as part of an investigation into alleged corruption.

Barclays Sells Portuguese Retail-Banking Business

Barclays PLC has sold its Portuguese retail banking business to Spain’s Bankinter SA, as the British bank scales back its presence in less profitable markets.

Gas Discovery in Egypt Concerns Israel

Israeli officials have expressed concern that the new discovery of an extensive gas field off the coast of Egypt could upend Israeli development of its own energy resources.

At Least 22 Killed in Suicide Bombings at Mosque in Yemen

A pair of suicide bombings killed a least 22 people Wednesday at a mosque in San’a, just hours after a gunman killed two Red Cross workers.

The Iran Nuclear Deal Explained

Iran has reached a historic agreement with major world powers over its nuclear program. Here are the main points of the pact, and what supporters and critics are saying.

Police: Main Bangkok Bombing Suspect Is Uighur

A senior Thai police investigator said for the first time that the main suspect in the deadly bombing at a Bangkok shrine last month is believed to be a member of China’s Uighur ethnic minority.

EU Set to Extend Sanctions on Russians, Ukraine Rebels

The EU is set to roll over sanctions targeted against almost 200 Russian and Ukrainian-separatist individuals and firms to keep pressure on Moscow to fully implement the Minsk cease-fire terms by year end.

Bush Takes Gloves Off, Attacks Trump Directly

After weeks of enduring rival Donald Trump’s attacks, Jeb Bush released an Internet video aimed at trying to muscle his way back to the front of the pack and undermine the celebrity businessman’s fitness to be the GOP standard-bearer. 455

Emails Point to Large Role for Clinton Adviser Blumenthal

Longtime aide Sidney Blumenthal maintained an outsize role with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, despite being blocked from taking a job at the department. 188

Joe Biden’s Florida Trip Draws Campaign-Level Attention

Vice President Joe Biden received full-court national attention for an otherwise routine visit to Miami Dade College on Wednesday, with dozens of television cameras, photographers and reporters there to cover his roughly 30 minutes of remarks.

Search Continues for Three Suspects After Illinois Policeman Killed

As a small northern Illinois community mourned a popular veteran police officer who was fatally shot while on duty, authorities scoured the area overnight in search of three men wanted in his slaying. 71

U.S. Report Sees Economic Benefit in Allowing Oil Exports

Lifting the nation’s four-decade ban on oil exports wouldn’t raise gas prices and could help lower them, a government study concludes. 54

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Hungarian Police Struggle to Control Migrants

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WSJ Tech
Wie das Netz die Wirtschaft verändert

Wer hat das Netbook getötet?

Die beiden größten Netbook-Hersteller Acer und Asus produzieren die kleinen und günstigen Laptops seit dem 1. Januar 2013 nicht mehr, berichtet die Digitimes.

Der britische Guardian geht der Frage nach, wer das Netbook getötet hat. Die Tatverdächtigen: Apples iPad und andere Tablets, die Konkurrenz des PC-Marktes, die globale wirtschaftliche Entwicklung und die wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen, unter denen die Netbooks hergestellt wurden. Die von Intel 2012 eingeführte Klasse der Ultrabooks hat ein Alibi: Die neuen besonders schnellen, flachen, leichten und teuren Laptops zielen mit ihrem Preis auf einen ganz anderen Markt und sind darüber hinaus viel zu erfolglos, als dass sie den Netbooks hätten gefährlich werden können.

Tablets haben Netbooks überrundet

Klar ist: Seit im April 2010 Apples iPad auf den Markt kam, hat es die gesamte PC-Branche aufgewirbelt. Im Februar 2012 überrundeten die Tablets die Netbooks bei den verkauften Stückzahlen. Doch das allein ist noch nicht ausschlaggebend. Vielmehr konnte der Netbook-Markt aufgrund der geringen Preise und Margen kaum Druck aushalten. Netbooks konnten nur ein Massengeschäft sein, keine Nische – in welche die Geräte durch mehrere Faktoren gedrängt wurden.

Insbesondere, nachdem klar wurde, dass viele Käufer das vertraute Betriebssystem Windows statt Linux bevorzugten, wurden die Margen immer geringer, weil die Hersteller nun auch noch für eine Windows-Lizenz an Microsoft zahlen mussten. Dass der PC-Markt insgesamt vor allem durch die gesamtwirtschaftliche Entwicklung ab 2010 geschwächt wurde, kam erschwerend hinzu.

Der taiwanesische Hersteller Asus, mit vollem Namen eigentlich Asustek, hatte die besonders kleinen, billigen und leistungsschwachen Laptops 2007 mit dem EeePC eingeführt. Damals war das mit Linux ausgestattete Gerät für einen revolutionären Preis zu haben: 200 Dollar in den USA, in Deutschland kam es ein Jahr später zu einem höheren Preis auf den Markt.

Der EeePC und seine Nachahmer waren die ersten Massen-PCs mit Solid State Drives (SSD) – schneller Flash-Speicher, der als Festplattenersatz dient und heute immer häufiger zur Standard-Ausstattung jedes PCs gehört. Auf ein optisches Laufwerk zum Abspielen von CDs, DVDs und Blu-rays wurde – wie bei den später eingeführten teuren Ultrabooks – aus Platz- und Gewichtsgründen verzichtet.

Schnell aber wurde das Konzept auch verwässert: Geräte mit Festplatte statt SSD kamen auf den Markt und die meisten Netbooks sind heute mit Windows XP oder Windows 7 ausgestattet und nicht mehr mit Linux. Was bei allen Netbooks gleich geblieben ist: Sie alle sind klein – der Bildschirm ist meist um die 10 Zoll groß – und sie alle sind mit einem Atom-Prozessor von Intel ausgestattet – ein besonders leistungsschwaches Modell von Intel, das auf das Stromsparen optimiert ist.

Margen zu gering für einen Nischenmarkt

„Netbooks hatten ein kurzes aber interessantes Leben“, schreibt der Guardian. „Sie entwickelten sich vom einstigen Retter der PC-Industrie zu nur einem weiteren falsch bepreisten Versuch, um stromsparende Intel-Chips voranzubringen und mehr Geld für Microsoft einzusammeln.“ Letztlich war der Preisunterschied zu den besser ausgestatteten Laptops nicht mehr groß genug und gleichzeitig die Marge für die Hersteller zu gering, um einen Nischenmarkt zu rechtfertigen.

Pionier Asus hatte für Ende 2012 das Ende der Eee-PC-Produktion angekündigt und auch Acer will aus dem Geschäft aussteigen, was die Taiwanesen im Gespräch mit dem Wall Street Journal im Herbst noch dementierten. Asus und Acer waren die einzigen beiden verbliebenen Netbook-Hersteller, nachdem sich zuvor unter anderem schon Samsung, HP und Dell aus dem Markt zurückgezogen hatten.

Meine mobile digitale Schreibmaschine bleibt

Ich persönlich bin mit meinem Eee-PC 1000H immer noch zufrieden. Für mich ist das Gerät perfekt als „mobile Schreibmaschine“ mit Internetzugang, wenn ich unterwegs bin. Wenn ich auf Außenterminen schnell etwas mitschreiben will, ist eine Tastatur unterlässlich – mein iPad kann da nicht mithalten. Als das Gerät nach zahlreichen Windows-Updates all zu langsam wurde, habe ich das Betriebssystem Windws XP durch Linux Mint ersetzt. Seit dem bin ich wieder rundum zufrieden mit meinem Netbook – auch wenn die Geräteklasse inzwischen tot ist.

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    • [...] Der vielleicht wichtigste strukturelle Grund, der gegen ein Comeback des PCs spricht, ist die Tatsache, dass die Branche an Absatzzahlen gemessen wird, die in einer Zeit entstanden, in denen Netbook-Laptops boomten – Geräte, die für sehr wenig Geld verkauft wurden aber bei der Leistung Abstriche machten. Das Netbook hat deutlich an Popularität eingebüßt. [...]

Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Austria Struggles to Identify Migrants’ Bodies

Veteran police investigators say they have never faced a task like identifying the 71 bodies of would-be refugees unloaded from the back of a truck found abandoned along a highway last week.

Apple’s Latest Challenge: Topping Its Own Success

Apple’s iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus reignited sales growth for the smartphone. But analysts predict muted growth for its latest models due out next week.

Chinese Navy Ships Operating in Bering Sea Off Alaska Coast

Five Chinese navy ships are currently operating in the Bering Sea, off the coast of Alaska, the first time the U.S. military has seen such activity in the area. 470

For Russia, Oil Collapse Has Soviet Echoes

For most countries, the economic slowdown in China and the accompanying slump in commodity prices represent something between nuisance and pothole. For Russia, they are a catastrophe, writes Greg Ip. 55

Inside Uber’s Fight With Its Chinese Nemesis

China’s multibillion-dollar ride-hailing market has erupted into a brawl between Uber and Beijing startup Didi Kuaidi.

Obama Locks in Votes to Secure Iran Nuclear Deal

President Barack Obama locked in enough support in Congress to ensure he can overcome bipartisan opposition and implement a landmark nuclear accord with Iran. 1614

Analysis

Tsipras Moves Greece Past Austerity Debate

Greeks can now have a conventional political debate on the choices needed to hit its bailout targets.

A Modigliani Painting for $100 Million?

Christie’s International said it expects to ask roughly $100 million for a Modigliani nude that will be auctioned this fall, a bold reflection of how prices for blue-chip paintings have skyrocketed in recent seasons.

Huawei Rings in Changes to Challenge Samsung

For years, Samsung Electronics has been the world’s smartphone leader, but its global dominance appears to be increasingly under attack from fast-growing Chinese rival Huawei Technologies.

Volkswagen Extends CEO Martin Winterkorn’s Contract

German car maker Volkswagen said it would extend the contract of Chief Executive Martin Winterkorn through 2018, ending speculation that he could step down as CEO and become chairman.

Tesco Closer to $7 Billion South Korea Deal

U.K. retailer Tesco has chosen Asian private-equity firm MBK Partners as the preferred bidder to buy its South Korea retail operations in a deal that could be worth up to $7 billion.

Shell, Exxon Must Pay Groningen Quake Compensation

A Dutch court ruled that Royal Dutch Shell and Exxon Mobil must compensate homeowners for a drop in house prices caused by earthquakes linked to production at the Groningen gas field.

Private-Equity Firms Explore Bids for Petco

Private-equity firms are examining a possible purchase of Petco Holdings, the pet-store chain that filed to go public last month.

Giant U.S. Pension Fund to Propose Shift Away From Stocks, Bonds

The California State Teachers’ Retirement System, the nation’s second-largest pension fund, is considering a significant shift away from some stocks and bonds amid turbulent markets world-wide. 90

Malaysian Fund 1MDB Has Tens of Millions of Dollars Frozen

Swiss authorities said they had frozen funds worth tens of millions of dollars linked to 1Malaysia Development Berhad as part of an investigation into alleged corruption.

Barclays Sells Portuguese Retail-Banking Business

Barclays PLC has sold its Portuguese retail banking business to Spain’s Bankinter SA, as the British bank scales back its presence in less profitable markets.

Gas Discovery in Egypt Concerns Israel

Israeli officials have expressed concern that the new discovery of an extensive gas field off the coast of Egypt could upend Israeli development of its own energy resources.

At Least 22 Killed in Suicide Bombings at Mosque in Yemen

A pair of suicide bombings killed a least 22 people Wednesday at a mosque in San’a, just hours after a gunman killed two Red Cross workers.

The Iran Nuclear Deal Explained

Iran has reached a historic agreement with major world powers over its nuclear program. Here are the main points of the pact, and what supporters and critics are saying.

Police: Main Bangkok Bombing Suspect Is Uighur

A senior Thai police investigator said for the first time that the main suspect in the deadly bombing at a Bangkok shrine last month is believed to be a member of China’s Uighur ethnic minority.

EU Set to Extend Sanctions on Russians, Ukraine Rebels

The EU is set to roll over sanctions targeted against almost 200 Russian and Ukrainian-separatist individuals and firms to keep pressure on Moscow to fully implement the Minsk cease-fire terms by year end.

Bush Takes Gloves Off, Attacks Trump Directly

After weeks of enduring rival Donald Trump’s attacks, Jeb Bush released an Internet video aimed at trying to muscle his way back to the front of the pack and undermine the celebrity businessman’s fitness to be the GOP standard-bearer. 455

Emails Point to Large Role for Clinton Adviser Blumenthal

Longtime aide Sidney Blumenthal maintained an outsize role with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, despite being blocked from taking a job at the department. 188

Joe Biden’s Florida Trip Draws Campaign-Level Attention

Vice President Joe Biden received full-court national attention for an otherwise routine visit to Miami Dade College on Wednesday, with dozens of television cameras, photographers and reporters there to cover his roughly 30 minutes of remarks.

Search Continues for Three Suspects After Illinois Policeman Killed

As a small northern Illinois community mourned a popular veteran police officer who was fatally shot while on duty, authorities scoured the area overnight in search of three men wanted in his slaying. 71

U.S. Report Sees Economic Benefit in Allowing Oil Exports

Lifting the nation’s four-decade ban on oil exports wouldn’t raise gas prices and could help lower them, a government study concludes. 54

Video

Hungarian Police Struggle to Control Migrants

2:02

The Iran Nuclear Deal Explained

3:34

Uber Class-Action Lawsuit: What's at Stake

2:39