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Mixed Jobs Report Sets Fed Up for Close Rate Call

U.S. employment growth slowed in August but the jobless rate fell to the lowest level since 2008, a mixed labor-market reading less than two weeks before a crucial Federal Reserve meeting. 160

Migrant Chaos Grows in Hungary

Hundreds of fed-up migrants began walking along a highway toward Austria and a migrant died amid a standoff at a suburban train station near a refugee camp, as Hungary appeared increasingly overwhelmed in its efforts to keep a firm grip on thousands hoping to reach Western Europe.

Refugees Find Smooth Welcome in Germany, but Strain Shows

Refugees meet a well-oiled system that gets them off the street and into emergency shelters fast, but some say it is already under strain and is struggling to offer newcomers long-term prospects.

The American Veterans Who Fight ISIS

A former Army Ranger and a decorated Marine are among U.S. veterans volunteering to join Kurdish fighters against Islamic State in Syria.

Chinese Navy Ships Passed Through U.S. Waters

The Pentagon said that five Chinese navy ships operating off Alaska entered U.S. territorial waters, but they complied with international law. 220

Inside Israel’s Bid to Derail Iran Pact

Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu has undertaken a high-stakes campaign to persuade Congress to scuttle the Iran nuclear agreement, leaving the White House infuriated and many Democrats resentful. 634

G-20 Increasingly Concerned About Slowing Chinese Economy

China’s market routs and a string of weak data are fueling concern among Group of 20 officials that a slowing Chinese economy could fuel further market instability and push global growth deeper into a long-term rut.

Putin Pitches for Foreign Investment in Russia’s Far East

Russian President Vladimir Putin has made a pitch for greater investment in his country’s resource-rich Far East region, despite a slowdown in the Chinese economy that has shaken global markets.

Saudi King’s Visit a Chance to Invigorate U.S. Ties

King Salman of Saudi Arabia arrives Friday for his first White House visit at a pivotal time, when the two allies are trying to maintain their lukewarm agreement on the Iran nuclear deal while striving for new commitments.

U.A.E. Loses 22 Military Personnel

The United Arab Emirates has lost 22 military personnel since it joined a Saudi Arabia-led coalition to defeat Iran-backed rebels in Yemen, military officials said.

U.S. Will Help Military, Diplomatic Families Leave Turkey

The U.S. has offered to help relatives of American military and diplomatic personnel stationed at Incirlik Air Base and a nearby consulate to leave Turkey, a cautionary move following the start of military operations directed against Islamic State.

Heard on the Street

This Plastics IPO Is Timed Right – For the Seller

Bayer’s material science division, now called Covestro, had a strong first-half ahead of a planned initial public offering. That looks hard to keep up.

An Online Bank With a Personal Touch

Live Oak Bancshares is betting that its hybrid model can be an example for how to expand small-business lending.

Chinese Companies Share Investors’ Pain

China’s listed companies joined in the market mania, buying up shares in one another; now the holdings that padded earnings as prices boomed threaten to gut them as they plunge.

UBS Building Virtual Coin For Mainstream Banking

Swiss bank UBS is working on a prototype virtual currency that it hopes will be used by banks and financial institutions as a basis to settle mainstream financial markets transactions.

Brussels Beat

EU Displaces U.S. as Top Antitrust Cop

The European Union’s antitrust activism has put it in prime position to shape the Internet and is encouraging some U.S. technology executives to focus on Brussels.

Daimler, Renault Reboot Tiny Car

Daimler is taking another crack at the U.S. market for ultra-compacts with a retooled version of its ForTwo Smart car built through a collaboration that could become a benchmark for other auto makers. 66

Volkswagen CFO Nominated as Board Chairman

The largest shareholder of Europe’s biggest auto maker nominated the company’s CFO to become the next chairman of VW’s supervisory board.

BASF, Gazprom Renew Abandoned Asset-Swap Plan

Germany’s BASF and Russia’s Gazprom will complete an asset-swap deal signed in December 2013 but called off late last year amid mounting political tensions between Russia and the West.

GVC Wins Race to Acquire Bwin.party

Sports betting and online gambling operator GVC Holdings PLC said it had clinched a deal to buy Bwin.party Digital Entertainment PLC after beating an offer from online gambling peer 888 Holdings PLC.

Fashion

How Fashion Experts Shop the High Street

Despite the crowds, the lines and the overpacked rails, there are real gems to be found in mainstream stores—you just need to know how to find them.

Will Lyons on Wine

What’s the Point of Scoring Wines?

A wine’s taste and character change almost daily, and taste is subjective—so is giving them marks a pointless exercise?

Theater

Michael Grandage: A Director’s DNA

With ‘Photograph 51’ at London’s Noël Coward Theatre, the acclaimed director coaxes Nicole Kidman back onstage for an exploration of the passion and poetry of science.

Going Native in NYC: 8 Things to Do as an Expat in the Big Apple

You’re relocating to the Center of the Universe, a.k.a. the Capital of the World, a.k.a. the City That Never Sleeps. So what do you do to embrace New York?

Video

Migrants Refuse to Go to Refugee Camp in Hungary

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Father of Aylan Kurdi Speaks at Funeral

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Islamic State Destroys Ancient Tombs in Palmyra

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Mind and Matter

The Power of Brains to Keep Growing

Not long ago, scientists thought that after infancy, our brains never added any neurons. Patricia Churchland on how brains keep growing

Film Review

‘La Jaula de Oro (The Golden Dream)’ Review: Dark Immigrant Odyssey

In Diego Quemada-Diez’s celebrated directorial debut, a trio of teenagers flee from Guatemala and make their way through a treacherous Mexico, where police and gangsters prey on vulnerable travelers.

WSJ Blogs

Real-time commentary and analysis from The Wall Street Journal
WSJ Tech
Wie das Netz die Wirtschaft verändert

Wie Instagram mit 13 Mitarbeitern zum Milliarden-Unternehmen werden konnte

dapd

Mit einer guten Idee erfolgreich zu sein, war noch nie so einfach. Der Grund: Durch neue Technologie wie Cloud Computing haben sich die Regeln der IT-Wirtschaft grundlegend gewandelt – und ein 13-Mann-Unternehmen kann schnell Milliarden wert sein.

Als die Foto-App Instagram von Facebook für eine Milliarden US-Dollar übernommen wurde, war das Start-Up 551 Tage alt und hatte 13 Mitarbeiter.  Die 116 Jahre alte New York Times mit allein rund 1250 redaktionellen Mitarbeitern wurde damals an der Börse mit weniger als einer Milliarde Dollar bewertet.

Alles was Instagram bei der Übernahme durch Facebook hatte, war eine gut umgesetzte Idee, auf die viele Millionen Nutzer angesprungen sind. Doch wie konnte ein 13-Mann-Team einen derartigen Nutzer-Ansturm managen? Die Antwort gibt das Unternehmen im eigenen Blog: Hunderte virtuelle Instanzen beim Cloud-Dienstleister Amazon lieferten die Server-Power, um die rund 80 Millionen Nutzer von Instagram zu versorgen.

Etwas mehr als ein Jahr nach dem Start hatte Instagram bereits mehr als 14 Millionen Nutzer – dennoch kam das Unternehmen mit einem kleinen Kern-Team aus. Das Erfolgsgeheimnis: „Halte es so einfach wie möglich, erfinde das Rad nicht neu und nutze bewährte und ausgereifte Technik, wann immer es geht“, schreibt Instagram auf dem Unternehmensblog.

Der seit Jahrzehnten anhaltende Trend zur Standardisierung macht Hard- und Software immer günstiger. Der Weg von der guten Idee zum erfolgreichen Start-up wird so immer kürzer und einfacher. Noch während der Dotcom-Blase Ende der 1990er Jahre benötigten die massenhaft gegründeten Tech-Unternehmen viel Kapital für teure Server-Hardware und Software-Lizenzen wie Datenbanken für mehrere zehntausend Euro.

Zwei Trends haben die Kosten deutlich gesenkt: Der Einsatz von Hardware von der Stange, normale Consumer-PCs, die zu Server-Clustern zusammengeschlossen werden – und der Siegeszug von kostenloser Open-Source-Software. Auch Instagram setzt komplett auf kostenlose Open-Source-Software: das Linux-basierte Betriebssystem Ubuntu, die freie Server-Sotware nginx und die Open-Source-Datenbank PostgreSQL.

Die konsequente Fortführung der Standardisierung heißt Cloud Computing. Dabei werden die benötigten Rechen-Ressourcen einfach über das Internet bezogen – nach Bedarf. Dadurch gewinnen gerade kleine Unternehmen deutlich an Flexibilität und können schnell wachsen. Instagram verwendet dafür die Lösung EC2 vom Marktführer Amazon.

Update vom 18. Januar 2013:  In einer früheren Version des Artikels stand der Satz: “Der Online-Händler hat seine überschüssige Server-Infrastruktur schnell genutzt, um beim Cloud Computing Trends zu setzen” über Amazons Service EC2. Das ist laut Amazon ein Mythos. “Es ging nie darum überflüssige Kapazitäten zu verkaufen”, teilte Amazon WSJ Tech mit. “Wäre das so gewesen, hätten die Kapazitäten der Amazon Web Services (AWS) schon zwei Monate nach dem Start nicht mehr ausgereicht.”

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    • [...] Die Ökonomie des Internets ist geradezu paradox: Einerseits sind die Marktzutrittsschwellen zu gigantischen Märkten so niedrig wie nie. Große Teile der Software-Infrastruktur jedes Start-ups kosten dank Open-Source-Programmen keine Lizenzgebühren, der Zugang zum weltweiten Verbreitungsmedium Internet ist quasi umsonst – und die Rechenkraft wird dank Cloud Computing auch immer billiger und kann bei Bedarf extrem schnell mit dem Unternehmen mitwachsen. So ist es dem Bilder-Dienst Instagram beispielsweise gelungen, mit nur 13 Mitarbeitern zu einem Milliardenunternehmen zu werden. [...]

Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Mixed Jobs Report Sets Fed Up for Close Rate Call

U.S. employment growth slowed in August but the jobless rate fell to the lowest level since 2008, a mixed labor-market reading less than two weeks before a crucial Federal Reserve meeting. 160

Migrant Chaos Grows in Hungary

Hundreds of fed-up migrants began walking along a highway toward Austria and a migrant died amid a standoff at a suburban train station near a refugee camp, as Hungary appeared increasingly overwhelmed in its efforts to keep a firm grip on thousands hoping to reach Western Europe.

Refugees Find Smooth Welcome in Germany, but Strain Shows

Refugees meet a well-oiled system that gets them off the street and into emergency shelters fast, but some say it is already under strain and is struggling to offer newcomers long-term prospects.

The American Veterans Who Fight ISIS

A former Army Ranger and a decorated Marine are among U.S. veterans volunteering to join Kurdish fighters against Islamic State in Syria.

Chinese Navy Ships Passed Through U.S. Waters

The Pentagon said that five Chinese navy ships operating off Alaska entered U.S. territorial waters, but they complied with international law. 220

Inside Israel’s Bid to Derail Iran Pact

Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu has undertaken a high-stakes campaign to persuade Congress to scuttle the Iran nuclear agreement, leaving the White House infuriated and many Democrats resentful. 634

G-20 Increasingly Concerned About Slowing Chinese Economy

China’s market routs and a string of weak data are fueling concern among Group of 20 officials that a slowing Chinese economy could fuel further market instability and push global growth deeper into a long-term rut.

Putin Pitches for Foreign Investment in Russia’s Far East

Russian President Vladimir Putin has made a pitch for greater investment in his country’s resource-rich Far East region, despite a slowdown in the Chinese economy that has shaken global markets.

Saudi King’s Visit a Chance to Invigorate U.S. Ties

King Salman of Saudi Arabia arrives Friday for his first White House visit at a pivotal time, when the two allies are trying to maintain their lukewarm agreement on the Iran nuclear deal while striving for new commitments.

U.A.E. Loses 22 Military Personnel

The United Arab Emirates has lost 22 military personnel since it joined a Saudi Arabia-led coalition to defeat Iran-backed rebels in Yemen, military officials said.

U.S. Will Help Military, Diplomatic Families Leave Turkey

The U.S. has offered to help relatives of American military and diplomatic personnel stationed at Incirlik Air Base and a nearby consulate to leave Turkey, a cautionary move following the start of military operations directed against Islamic State.

Heard on the Street

This Plastics IPO Is Timed Right – For the Seller

Bayer’s material science division, now called Covestro, had a strong first-half ahead of a planned initial public offering. That looks hard to keep up.

An Online Bank With a Personal Touch

Live Oak Bancshares is betting that its hybrid model can be an example for how to expand small-business lending.

Chinese Companies Share Investors’ Pain

China’s listed companies joined in the market mania, buying up shares in one another; now the holdings that padded earnings as prices boomed threaten to gut them as they plunge.

UBS Building Virtual Coin For Mainstream Banking

Swiss bank UBS is working on a prototype virtual currency that it hopes will be used by banks and financial institutions as a basis to settle mainstream financial markets transactions.

Brussels Beat

EU Displaces U.S. as Top Antitrust Cop

The European Union’s antitrust activism has put it in prime position to shape the Internet and is encouraging some U.S. technology executives to focus on Brussels.

Daimler, Renault Reboot Tiny Car

Daimler is taking another crack at the U.S. market for ultra-compacts with a retooled version of its ForTwo Smart car built through a collaboration that could become a benchmark for other auto makers. 66

Volkswagen CFO Nominated as Board Chairman

The largest shareholder of Europe’s biggest auto maker nominated the company’s CFO to become the next chairman of VW’s supervisory board.

BASF, Gazprom Renew Abandoned Asset-Swap Plan

Germany’s BASF and Russia’s Gazprom will complete an asset-swap deal signed in December 2013 but called off late last year amid mounting political tensions between Russia and the West.

GVC Wins Race to Acquire Bwin.party

Sports betting and online gambling operator GVC Holdings PLC said it had clinched a deal to buy Bwin.party Digital Entertainment PLC after beating an offer from online gambling peer 888 Holdings PLC.

Fashion

How Fashion Experts Shop the High Street

Despite the crowds, the lines and the overpacked rails, there are real gems to be found in mainstream stores—you just need to know how to find them.

Will Lyons on Wine

What’s the Point of Scoring Wines?

A wine’s taste and character change almost daily, and taste is subjective—so is giving them marks a pointless exercise?

Theater

Michael Grandage: A Director’s DNA

With ‘Photograph 51’ at London’s Noël Coward Theatre, the acclaimed director coaxes Nicole Kidman back onstage for an exploration of the passion and poetry of science.

Going Native in NYC: 8 Things to Do as an Expat in the Big Apple

You’re relocating to the Center of the Universe, a.k.a. the Capital of the World, a.k.a. the City That Never Sleeps. So what do you do to embrace New York?