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Migrant Crackdown Sows Chaos in Europe

German Chancellor Angela Merkel called on Europe to tackle the migrant crisis and agree on a fair distribution of people, warning that failing to do so might put the EU’s open-border policy at risk. 50

Russia Puts Off Data Showdown With Technology Firms

Facebook, Google and Twitter are among the U.S. companies that are getting more time to comply with a new law requiring Russian data centers.

Large Blast Reported in Chinese City

An explosion ripped through an industrial zone in northeastern China just two weeks after a chemical blast killed more than 150 people and raised concerns about industrial safety in China.

Oil Surges as Supply Estimates Shrink

Oil prices soared Monday, marking their strongest three-day rally since Iraq’s 1990 invasion of Kuwait, on doubts the global glut of crude would be as long-lasting as many investors and traders had earlier believed. 59

Ukrainian National Guard Officer Killed, Dozens Injured in Protest Blast

One member of Ukraine’s National Guard was killed and at least 69 others were injured outside the country’s parliament, as fighting broke out between protesters and law-enforcement officers.

Inside Kellogg’s Effort to Cash In on the Health-Food Craze

Fixing its Kashi brand, says the CEO, is key to bulking up sales in the fast-growing natural and organic food aisles.

Service Providers See Gold in Shares of Startups

Branding firm Red Antler is among vendors that are looking to profit on the soaring valuations of young startups by taking payment in stock instead of cash.

Samsung Takes Smartwatch Fight to Apple

Samsung plans to unveil a new smartwatch, as the company attempts to prove that it can outshine Apple on design in a nascent product category.

Apple and Cisco Unveil a Business Partnership

Apple and Cisco Systems are teaming up to help bring more iPhones and iPads to business users.

Patent-Law Change Would Raise Medical Costs

A patent law change pushed by the pharmaceutical industry could cost federal health-care programs $1.3 billion over a decade by delaying new generic drugs, the Congressional Budget Office estimates.

Google, Sanofi Team Up on Diabetes Research

The Internet company said its health-care research unit plans to work with European pharmaceutical major Sanofi on new ways to monitor and treat the condition.

Tokyo Court: Nomura Wrongfully Dismissed U.S. Executive

Japan’s largest brokerage wrongfully dismissed an American managing director during a dispute over compensation for a product he invented, the Tokyo District Court ruled.

China Data Pulls Down Asian Shares

Asian markets fell Tuesday, pressured by disappointing manufacturing data that added to concerns about the health of China’s economy.

David Einhorn’s Greenlight Takes a Beating in August

The firm told investors it lost 5.3% in August as the value of its major holdings declined, said people familiar with the matter, widening its loss for the year to 13.8%.

BNY Catches Up With Pricing Backlog

Bank of New York Mellon said it had updated pricing data for mutual and exchange-traded fund-pricing issues before the market opened Monday, ending a weeklong struggle by the company to provide accurate asset values.

Sports

At the U.S. Open, Djokovic Struggles to Close

Novak Djokovic—the best and most consistent tennis player in the world for five years now—has only won U.S. Open one time in his career.

World

Islamic State Blows Up Palmyra Ruins

Islamic State has partially destroyed Palmyra’s 2,000-year-old Temple of Bel in a massive explosion, the latest in a series of attacks by the militants on the Syrian city’s famed historic sites. 171

Turkey Arrests Vice News Journalists

A Turkish court ordered the formal arrest of three Vice News journalists on terrorism-related charges, days after detaining the foreign nationals as they covered a mounting Kurdish insurgency in the country.

Blue Bell Ice Cream Returns to Store Shelves

Cartons of Blue Bell ice cream began reappearing in grocery stores in cities Monday, a major step after the ice-cream maker yanked all its products following a deadly listeria outbreak and faced a financial crisis.

Crackdown on Racial Bias Boosts Some Auto-Loan Costs

A federal regulator’s campaign to fight bias against minorities is changing the way many car loans are priced, a move that is increasing costs for some consumers. 153

StubHub Gets Out of ‘All-In’ Pricing

Nearly two years after shifting to “all-in” pricing, ticket-resale giant StubHub is reversing course and returning to its old system of adding 15% to 17% at the last minute.

U.K. Approves Giant North Sea Gas Project

A.P. Møller-Maersk A/S said it has received approval to develop the $4.5 billion Culzean gas field, the largest new find in the U.K. North Sea for a decade.

Iran Deal Could Open Door to Gulf Businesses

While executives in the Gulf see opportunities, the region’s governments remain at loggerheads on other issues.

Video

Ukraine Protest Blast Kills Officer, Injures Dozens

0:45

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

What to Watch for After Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is afflicting more people, and research shows patients who have had non-melanoma skin cancers are at increased risk of recurrence.

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Video Music Awards 2015

Kanye West gave a long rant at the MTV Video Music Awards as he apologized to Taylor Swift for taking her microphone in 2009. Swift presented West with the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award. Earlier, she and Nicki Minaj buried their beef by joining forces onstage.

WSJ Blogs

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WSJ Tech
Wie das Netz die Wirtschaft verändert

Wie Instagram mit 13 Mitarbeitern zum Milliarden-Unternehmen werden konnte

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Mit einer guten Idee erfolgreich zu sein, war noch nie so einfach. Der Grund: Durch neue Technologie wie Cloud Computing haben sich die Regeln der IT-Wirtschaft grundlegend gewandelt – und ein 13-Mann-Unternehmen kann schnell Milliarden wert sein.

Als die Foto-App Instagram von Facebook für eine Milliarden US-Dollar übernommen wurde, war das Start-Up 551 Tage alt und hatte 13 Mitarbeiter.  Die 116 Jahre alte New York Times mit allein rund 1250 redaktionellen Mitarbeitern wurde damals an der Börse mit weniger als einer Milliarde Dollar bewertet.

Alles was Instagram bei der Übernahme durch Facebook hatte, war eine gut umgesetzte Idee, auf die viele Millionen Nutzer angesprungen sind. Doch wie konnte ein 13-Mann-Team einen derartigen Nutzer-Ansturm managen? Die Antwort gibt das Unternehmen im eigenen Blog: Hunderte virtuelle Instanzen beim Cloud-Dienstleister Amazon lieferten die Server-Power, um die rund 80 Millionen Nutzer von Instagram zu versorgen.

Etwas mehr als ein Jahr nach dem Start hatte Instagram bereits mehr als 14 Millionen Nutzer – dennoch kam das Unternehmen mit einem kleinen Kern-Team aus. Das Erfolgsgeheimnis: „Halte es so einfach wie möglich, erfinde das Rad nicht neu und nutze bewährte und ausgereifte Technik, wann immer es geht“, schreibt Instagram auf dem Unternehmensblog.

Der seit Jahrzehnten anhaltende Trend zur Standardisierung macht Hard- und Software immer günstiger. Der Weg von der guten Idee zum erfolgreichen Start-up wird so immer kürzer und einfacher. Noch während der Dotcom-Blase Ende der 1990er Jahre benötigten die massenhaft gegründeten Tech-Unternehmen viel Kapital für teure Server-Hardware und Software-Lizenzen wie Datenbanken für mehrere zehntausend Euro.

Zwei Trends haben die Kosten deutlich gesenkt: Der Einsatz von Hardware von der Stange, normale Consumer-PCs, die zu Server-Clustern zusammengeschlossen werden – und der Siegeszug von kostenloser Open-Source-Software. Auch Instagram setzt komplett auf kostenlose Open-Source-Software: das Linux-basierte Betriebssystem Ubuntu, die freie Server-Sotware nginx und die Open-Source-Datenbank PostgreSQL.

Die konsequente Fortführung der Standardisierung heißt Cloud Computing. Dabei werden die benötigten Rechen-Ressourcen einfach über das Internet bezogen – nach Bedarf. Dadurch gewinnen gerade kleine Unternehmen deutlich an Flexibilität und können schnell wachsen. Instagram verwendet dafür die Lösung EC2 vom Marktführer Amazon.

Update vom 18. Januar 2013:  In einer früheren Version des Artikels stand der Satz: “Der Online-Händler hat seine überschüssige Server-Infrastruktur schnell genutzt, um beim Cloud Computing Trends zu setzen” über Amazons Service EC2. Das ist laut Amazon ein Mythos. “Es ging nie darum überflüssige Kapazitäten zu verkaufen”, teilte Amazon WSJ Tech mit. “Wäre das so gewesen, hätten die Kapazitäten der Amazon Web Services (AWS) schon zwei Monate nach dem Start nicht mehr ausgereicht.”

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    • [...] Die Ökonomie des Internets ist geradezu paradox: Einerseits sind die Marktzutrittsschwellen zu gigantischen Märkten so niedrig wie nie. Große Teile der Software-Infrastruktur jedes Start-ups kosten dank Open-Source-Programmen keine Lizenzgebühren, der Zugang zum weltweiten Verbreitungsmedium Internet ist quasi umsonst – und die Rechenkraft wird dank Cloud Computing auch immer billiger und kann bei Bedarf extrem schnell mit dem Unternehmen mitwachsen. So ist es dem Bilder-Dienst Instagram beispielsweise gelungen, mit nur 13 Mitarbeitern zu einem Milliardenunternehmen zu werden. [...]

Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Migrant Crackdown Sows Chaos in Europe

German Chancellor Angela Merkel called on Europe to tackle the migrant crisis and agree on a fair distribution of people, warning that failing to do so might put the EU’s open-border policy at risk.

Oil Surges as Supply Estimates Shrink

Oil prices soared Monday, marking their strongest three-day rally since Iraq’s 1990 invasion of Kuwait, on doubts the global glut of crude would be as long-lasting as many investors and traders had earlier believed. 58

Large Blast Reported in Chinese City

An explosion ripped through an industrial zone in northeastern China just two weeks after a chemical blast killed more than 150 people and raised concerns about industrial safety in China.

Islamic State Blows Up Palmyra Ruins

Islamic State has partially destroyed Palmyra’s 2,000-year-old Temple of Bel in a massive explosion, the latest in a series of attacks by the militants on the Syrian city’s famed historic sites. 171

Inside Kellogg’s Effort to Cash In on the Health-Food Craze

Fixing its Kashi brand, says the CEO, is key to bulking up sales in the fast-growing natural and organic food aisles.

Russia Puts Off Data Showdown With Technology Firms

Facebook, Google and Twitter are among the U.S. companies that are getting more time to comply with a new law requiring Russian data centers.

Ukrainian National Guard Officer Killed, Dozens Injured in Protest Blast

One member of Ukraine’s National Guard was killed and at least 69 others were injured outside the country’s parliament, as fighting broke out between protesters and law-enforcement officers.

Samsung Takes Smartwatch Fight to Apple

Samsung plans to unveil a new smartwatch, as the company attempts to prove that it can outshine Apple on design in a nascent product category.

Apple and Cisco Unveil a Business Partnership

Apple and Cisco Systems are teaming up to help bring more iPhones and iPads to business users.

Patent-Law Change Would Raise Medical Costs

A patent law change pushed by the pharmaceutical industry could cost federal health-care programs $1.3 billion over a decade by delaying new generic drugs, the Congressional Budget Office estimates.

Google, Sanofi Team Up on Diabetes Research

The Internet company said its health-care research unit plans to work with European pharmaceutical major Sanofi on new ways to monitor and treat the condition.

Tokyo Court: Nomura Wrongfully Dismissed U.S. Executive

Japan’s largest brokerage wrongfully dismissed an American managing director during a dispute over compensation for a product he invented, the Tokyo District Court ruled.

China Data Pulls Down Asian Shares

Asian markets fell Tuesday, pressured by disappointing manufacturing data that added to concerns about the health of China’s economy.

David Einhorn’s Greenlight Takes a Beating in August

The firm told investors it lost 5.3% in August as the value of its major holdings declined, said people familiar with the matter, widening its loss for the year to 13.8%.

Service Providers See Gold in Shares of Startups

Branding firm Red Antler is among vendors that are looking to profit on the soaring valuations of young startups by taking payment in stock instead of cash.

Sports

At the U.S. Open, Djokovic Struggles to Close

Novak Djokovic—the best and most consistent tennis player in the world for five years now—has only won U.S. Open one time in his career.

World

China ‘Punishes’ Nearly 200 People for Spreading Rumors

Sweep targets people who the government said spread false Internet rumors regarding the stock-market turmoil and deadly blasts in Tianjin. 66

Turkey Arrests Vice News Journalists

A Turkish court ordered the formal arrest of three Vice News journalists on terrorism-related charges, days after detaining the foreign nationals as they covered a mounting Kurdish insurgency in the country.

Blue Bell Ice Cream Returns to Store Shelves

Cartons of Blue Bell ice cream began reappearing in grocery stores in cities Monday, a major step after the ice-cream maker yanked all its products following a deadly listeria outbreak and faced a financial crisis.

Crackdown on Racial Bias Boosts Some Auto-Loan Costs

A federal regulator’s campaign to fight bias against minorities is changing the way many car loans are priced, a move that is increasing costs for some consumers. 152

Startups Put Data in Farmers’ Hands

Farmers and startups like Farmobile and Granular are starting to compete with agribusiness giants over the newest commodity being harvested on U.S. farms: data.

StubHub Gets Out of ‘All-In’ Pricing

Nearly two years after shifting to “all-in” pricing, ticket-resale giant StubHub is reversing course and returning to its old system of adding 15% to 17% at the last minute.

U.K. Approves Giant North Sea Gas Project

A.P. Møller-Maersk A/S said it has received approval to develop the $4.5 billion Culzean gas field, the largest new find in the U.K. North Sea for a decade.

Video

Ukraine Protest Blast Kills Officer, Injures Dozens

0:45

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

Economy

California Lawmakers Approve Equal-Pay Measure

California lawmakers gave final approval to legislation that seeks to ensure equal compensation for women in the workplace by prohibiting employers from paying differing wages to employees who do “substantially similar work.”

Tech

Digits: News Digest

Google’s self-driving prototype cars will soon cruise streets outside of its native California for the first time.