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EU Ministers Push for Action on Migrant Crisis

Germany, France and the U.K. pushed for a faster response in dealing with the continent’s migration crisis as Hungarian police detained a fifth person in connection with the deaths of 71 migrants found in a truck in Austria.

Striking Workers Block French Port

The labor dispute is preventing travelers from boarding ferries on both sides of the English Channel.

Abreast of the Market

Rocky Markets Could Be Good for These Stocks

Exchanges and market makers are getting a fresh look from portfolio managers seeking out investments likely to benefit from the large market swings.

Fed Appears to Hold Line on Rate Plan

Federal Reserve officials emerged from a week of head-spinning financial turbulence largely sticking to their plan to raise U.S. interest rates before the end of the year.

Crises Put First Dents in Xi Jinping’s Power

Before a planned visit to the U.S., the Chinese president’s image as a bold leader is being undermined by his botched handling of the stock market rout and the country’s economic slowdown.

VW Is Told to Shed Suzuki Stake

An international court has ordered Volkswagen of Germany to sell its nearly 20% stake in Suzuki, allowing the Japanese auto maker to extricate itself from the tie-up after a four-year struggle.

Eni Reports Huge Natural-Gas Discovery off Egypt

Eni SpA said it made a massive natural-gas discovery off the coast of Egypt in what the Italian oil-and-gas company is calling the largest ever find in the Mediterranean Sea.

U.A.E. Takes Lead in Southern Yemen

U.A.E. forces prevented Houthi rebels in Yemen from overrunning the Yemeni port city of Aden, and now also reluctantly find themselves in the business of nation-building.

At Least 11 Die in Saudi Arabia Fire

A large fire at a residential compound of Saudi Arabia’s state-owned oil giant killed at least 11 people and injured more than 200, officials said. The cause of the fire was unknown.

Rice Condemns Pakistan-Based Militant Attacks in Afghanistan

U.S. national security adviser Susan Rice on Sunday told top civilian and military leaders in Islamabad that attacks in neighboring Afghanistan by Pakistan-based militants were “absolutely unacceptable,” according to a senior American official.

Egypt Rejects Criticism of Journalists’ Jail Sentences

Egypt’s foreign ministry rejected international criticism of a court’s decision to sentence a team of Al Jazeera journalists to three years in prison, summoning the British ambassador to Egypt for condemning the verdict.

Lebanese Official Defies Calls to Resign

A top Lebanese official defied demands from thousands of protesters over the weekend to step down, providing potential fuel for a growing antigovernment movement that is coalesced around uncollected trash.

China Places Cap on Local Government Debt

Chinese lawmakers have placed a $2.5 trillion cap on local government debt as Beijing looks for ways to address one of the major impediments to its economy.

Buying the Dips Doesn’t Work for Everyone

The old strategy of buying the dips may not work for everyone. In fact, for some people, it could be disastrous, writes Jason Zweig.

BNY Mellon Races to Fix Pricing Glitches

Executives at Bank of New York Mellon Corp. are racing against the clock to make it through a backlog of pricing issues before the markets open Monday morning.

A Bentley, Secret Emails and a Credit-Card Antitrust Case. The Strange Life of Lawyer Keila Ravelo

When federal agents showed up at Keila Ravelo’s home three days before Christmas, they kicked off a chain of events that could send her to prison and scuttle the biggest antitrust settlement in U.S. history.

Suppliers Feel Pain as Coal Miners Struggle

As big coal miners struggle, their equipment suppliers—thousands of businesses sprinkled throughout Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio and Kentucky—are scrambling to find new customers anywhere they can. 69

Ageas to Sell Hong Kong Life Insurance Business

Belgian insurance company Ageas said Sunday it will sell its Hong Kong Life insurance business to Chinese asset-management firm JD Capital for €1.23 billion.

Inmarsat Says Russian Proton Rocket Puts Satellite Into Orbit

Inmarsat declared the launch of a Russian Proton rocket carrying one of its satellites a success after the rocket delivered its cargo into its initial orbit position.

Rebekah Brooks to Return to News Corp

Rebekah Brooks is expected to head News Corp’s U.K. division, a position similar to one she resigned from amid the phone-hacking scandal. Separately, Britain’s Crown Prosecution Service is reviewing a police referral related to the hacking probe.

Technology

Apple Escalates Ad-Blockers Fight

Apple’s move to make it easier to block ads on iPhones and iPads is troubling publishers and heightening tensions with its Silicon Valley neighbors like Google.

Book Reviews

Hackers Are the New Wizards

Chuck Wendig’s “Zeroes” reminds us how interconnected we all are, with electronic links all the way down to our refrigerators and cars, all of them hackable.

World War II’s Greatest Escape

Allied prisoners broke out of a German camp using ladders inspired by medieval siege tools.

Video

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

Buzz Aldrin Developing Plan to Colonize Mars

1:09

Style & Fashion

Phone Cases: The New It Fashion Accessory?

Over the past few years, the iPhone case has gone from pragmatic protector to style statement. One writer plays catch up.

Music

Foals’ ‘What Went Down’ Is a Visceral Confessional

Yannis Philippakis, the lead singer whose energetic stage presence and novelistic lyrics have made Foals one of British rock’s most compelling propositions, talks about the band’s fourth album.

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WSJ Tech
Wie das Netz die Wirtschaft verändert

Wie Instagram mit 13 Mitarbeitern zum Milliarden-Unternehmen werden konnte

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Mit einer guten Idee erfolgreich zu sein, war noch nie so einfach. Der Grund: Durch neue Technologie wie Cloud Computing haben sich die Regeln der IT-Wirtschaft grundlegend gewandelt – und ein 13-Mann-Unternehmen kann schnell Milliarden wert sein.

Als die Foto-App Instagram von Facebook für eine Milliarden US-Dollar übernommen wurde, war das Start-Up 551 Tage alt und hatte 13 Mitarbeiter.  Die 116 Jahre alte New York Times mit allein rund 1250 redaktionellen Mitarbeitern wurde damals an der Börse mit weniger als einer Milliarde Dollar bewertet.

Alles was Instagram bei der Übernahme durch Facebook hatte, war eine gut umgesetzte Idee, auf die viele Millionen Nutzer angesprungen sind. Doch wie konnte ein 13-Mann-Team einen derartigen Nutzer-Ansturm managen? Die Antwort gibt das Unternehmen im eigenen Blog: Hunderte virtuelle Instanzen beim Cloud-Dienstleister Amazon lieferten die Server-Power, um die rund 80 Millionen Nutzer von Instagram zu versorgen.

Etwas mehr als ein Jahr nach dem Start hatte Instagram bereits mehr als 14 Millionen Nutzer – dennoch kam das Unternehmen mit einem kleinen Kern-Team aus. Das Erfolgsgeheimnis: „Halte es so einfach wie möglich, erfinde das Rad nicht neu und nutze bewährte und ausgereifte Technik, wann immer es geht“, schreibt Instagram auf dem Unternehmensblog.

Der seit Jahrzehnten anhaltende Trend zur Standardisierung macht Hard- und Software immer günstiger. Der Weg von der guten Idee zum erfolgreichen Start-up wird so immer kürzer und einfacher. Noch während der Dotcom-Blase Ende der 1990er Jahre benötigten die massenhaft gegründeten Tech-Unternehmen viel Kapital für teure Server-Hardware und Software-Lizenzen wie Datenbanken für mehrere zehntausend Euro.

Zwei Trends haben die Kosten deutlich gesenkt: Der Einsatz von Hardware von der Stange, normale Consumer-PCs, die zu Server-Clustern zusammengeschlossen werden – und der Siegeszug von kostenloser Open-Source-Software. Auch Instagram setzt komplett auf kostenlose Open-Source-Software: das Linux-basierte Betriebssystem Ubuntu, die freie Server-Sotware nginx und die Open-Source-Datenbank PostgreSQL.

Die konsequente Fortführung der Standardisierung heißt Cloud Computing. Dabei werden die benötigten Rechen-Ressourcen einfach über das Internet bezogen – nach Bedarf. Dadurch gewinnen gerade kleine Unternehmen deutlich an Flexibilität und können schnell wachsen. Instagram verwendet dafür die Lösung EC2 vom Marktführer Amazon.

Update vom 18. Januar 2013:  In einer früheren Version des Artikels stand der Satz: “Der Online-Händler hat seine überschüssige Server-Infrastruktur schnell genutzt, um beim Cloud Computing Trends zu setzen” über Amazons Service EC2. Das ist laut Amazon ein Mythos. “Es ging nie darum überflüssige Kapazitäten zu verkaufen”, teilte Amazon WSJ Tech mit. “Wäre das so gewesen, hätten die Kapazitäten der Amazon Web Services (AWS) schon zwei Monate nach dem Start nicht mehr ausgereicht.”

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    • [...] Die Ökonomie des Internets ist geradezu paradox: Einerseits sind die Marktzutrittsschwellen zu gigantischen Märkten so niedrig wie nie. Große Teile der Software-Infrastruktur jedes Start-ups kosten dank Open-Source-Programmen keine Lizenzgebühren, der Zugang zum weltweiten Verbreitungsmedium Internet ist quasi umsonst – und die Rechenkraft wird dank Cloud Computing auch immer billiger und kann bei Bedarf extrem schnell mit dem Unternehmen mitwachsen. So ist es dem Bilder-Dienst Instagram beispielsweise gelungen, mit nur 13 Mitarbeitern zu einem Milliardenunternehmen zu werden. [...]

Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

EU Ministers Push for Action on Migrant Crisis

Germany, France and the U.K. pushed for a faster response in dealing with the continent’s migration crisis as Hungarian police detained a fifth person in connection with the deaths of 71 migrants found in a truck in Austria.

Striking Workers Block French Port

The labor dispute is preventing travelers from boarding ferries on both sides of the English Channel.

Abreast of the Market

Rocky Markets Could Be Good for These Stocks

Exchanges and market makers are getting a fresh look from portfolio managers seeking out investments likely to benefit from the large market swings.

Fed Appears to Hold Line on Rate Plan

Federal Reserve officials emerged from a week of head-spinning financial turbulence largely sticking to their plan to raise U.S. interest rates before the end of the year.

Crises Put First Dents in Xi Jinping’s Power

Before a planned visit to the U.S., the Chinese president’s image as a bold leader is being undermined by his botched handling of the stock market rout and the country’s economic slowdown.

VW Is Told to Shed Suzuki Stake

An international court has ordered Volkswagen of Germany to sell its nearly 20% stake in Suzuki, allowing the Japanese auto maker to extricate itself from the tie-up after a four-year struggle.

Eni Reports Huge Natural-Gas Discovery off Egypt

Eni SpA said it made a massive natural-gas discovery off the coast of Egypt in what the Italian oil-and-gas company is calling the largest ever find in the Mediterranean Sea.

U.A.E. Takes Lead in Southern Yemen

U.A.E. forces prevented Houthi rebels in Yemen from overrunning the Yemeni port city of Aden, and now also reluctantly find themselves in the business of nation-building.

At Least 11 Die in Saudi Arabia Fire

A large fire at a residential compound of Saudi Arabia’s state-owned oil giant killed at least 11 people and injured more than 200, officials said. The cause of the fire was unknown.

Rice Condemns Pakistan-Based Militant Attacks in Afghanistan

U.S. national security adviser Susan Rice on Sunday told top civilian and military leaders in Islamabad that attacks in neighboring Afghanistan by Pakistan-based militants were “absolutely unacceptable,” according to a senior American official.

Egypt Rejects Criticism of Journalists’ Jail Sentences

Egypt’s foreign ministry rejected international criticism of a court’s decision to sentence a team of Al Jazeera journalists to three years in prison, summoning the British ambassador to Egypt for condemning the verdict.

Lebanese Official Defies Calls to Resign

A top Lebanese official defied demands from thousands of protesters over the weekend to step down, providing potential fuel for a growing antigovernment movement that is coalesced around uncollected trash.

China Places Cap on Local Government Debt

Chinese lawmakers have placed a $2.5 trillion cap on local government debt as Beijing looks for ways to address one of the major impediments to its economy.

Buying the Dips Doesn’t Work for Everyone

The old strategy of buying the dips may not work for everyone. In fact, for some people, it could be disastrous, writes Jason Zweig.

BNY Mellon Races to Fix Pricing Glitches

Executives at Bank of New York Mellon Corp. are racing against the clock to make it through a backlog of pricing issues before the markets open Monday morning.

A Bentley, Secret Emails and a Credit-Card Antitrust Case. The Strange Life of Lawyer Keila Ravelo

When federal agents showed up at Keila Ravelo’s home three days before Christmas, they kicked off a chain of events that could send her to prison and scuttle the biggest antitrust settlement in U.S. history.

Suppliers Feel Pain as Coal Miners Struggle

As big coal miners struggle, their equipment suppliers—thousands of businesses sprinkled throughout Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio and Kentucky—are scrambling to find new customers anywhere they can. 69

Ageas to Sell Hong Kong Life Insurance Business

Belgian insurance company Ageas said Sunday it will sell its Hong Kong Life insurance business to Chinese asset-management firm JD Capital for €1.23 billion.

Inmarsat Says Russian Proton Rocket Puts Satellite Into Orbit

Inmarsat declared the launch of a Russian Proton rocket carrying one of its satellites a success after the rocket delivered its cargo into its initial orbit position.

Rebekah Brooks to Return to News Corp

Rebekah Brooks is expected to head News Corp’s U.K. division, a position similar to one she resigned from amid the phone-hacking scandal. Separately, Britain’s Crown Prosecution Service is reviewing a police referral related to the hacking probe.

Technology

Apple Escalates Ad-Blockers Fight

Apple’s move to make it easier to block ads on iPhones and iPads is troubling publishers and heightening tensions with its Silicon Valley neighbors like Google.

Book Reviews

Hackers Are the New Wizards

Chuck Wendig’s “Zeroes” reminds us how interconnected we all are, with electronic links all the way down to our refrigerators and cars, all of them hackable.

World War II’s Greatest Escape

Allied prisoners broke out of a German camp using ladders inspired by medieval siege tools.

Video

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

Buzz Aldrin Developing Plan to Colonize Mars

1:09