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Migrant Crackdown Sows Chaos in Europe

German Chancellor Angela Merkel called on Europe to tackle the migrant crisis and agree on a fair distribution of people, warning that failing to do so might put the EU’s open-border policy at risk.

Oil Surges as Supply Estimates Shrink

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Large Blast Reported in Chinese City

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Dollar Slumped Against Euro, Yen in August

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Video Music Awards 2015

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Wie das Netz die Wirtschaft verändert

Über 60 Prozent der beliebtesten Youtube-Videos in Deutschland gesperrt

dapd

Mehr als 60 Prozent der weltweit beliebtesten 1.000 Videos bei Youtube sind in Deutschland nicht abrufbar, zeigt eine aktuelle Analyse der Firma OpenDataCity. Grund dafür sind die festgefahrenen Verhandlungen zwischen Google und der Verwertungsgesellschaft Gema, die sich in Deutschland in staatlichem Auftrag um die Vergütung von Musikautoren kümmert.

615 der 1.000 beliebtesten Videos auf dem mit Abstand größten Online-Videoportal der Welt sind laut der Analyse Musikvideos oder enthalten Musik, deren Autoren von der Gema vertreten werden – immerhin 61,5 Prozent. Wegen der Rechtsstreitigkeiten werden die Videos nicht ausgestrahlt; diese Unterbindung vergleicht das Projekt mit Sperrungen in anderen Ländern, obwohl dabei andere Gründe wie politische Zensur die Gründe sind. Vergleicht man also die eigentlich so nicht vergleichbaren Sperrungen, übertrifft Deutschland mit seiner Quote sogar Länder wie den Südsudan (15,3 Prozent gesperrte Videos unter den 1.000 populärsten), Vatikanstaat (5,1 Prozent) und Afghanistan (4,4 Prozent).


Unterstützt durch MyVideo. Realisiert von OpenDataCity. Anwendung steht unter CC-BY 3.0.

Auch in westlichen Ländern wie Großbritannien (0,8 Prozent), der Schweiz (1,2 Prozent), Österreich (1,1 Prozent) und den USA (1,0 Prozent) gibt es der Analyse zufolge Sperrungen – doch kein Land reicht an die deutsche Rekordquote von 61,5 Prozent heran. Allerdings wurden insgesamt nur zehn Länder verglichen.

Die Studie wurde mit Unterstützung von MyVideo durchgeführt, ein zu Youtube konkurrierendes Portal. Nach Angaben von OpenDataCity hat das Videoportal aber keinerlei Einfluss auf das Ergebnis der Studie genommen. Die Firma hat bereits mit zahlreichen etablierten Medien zusammengearbeitet, um datenjournalistische Projekt zu realisieren – darunter Sueddeutsche.de, Zeit Online und taz.de.

Zwar haben Musikindustrie und Gema bereits erkannt, dass sie durch die Sperrtafeln bei Youtube, in denen Google die Gema für die Sperrung beliebter Videos verantwortlich macht, ein Imageproblem haben. Dennoch wurden die Verhandlungen zuletzt ergebnislos abgebrochen.

Vertreter der Musikindustrie sehen den Schwarzen Peter aber nicht nur bei der Gema. Kürzlich veröffentlichte ein Vertreter der Industrie ein Video auf Youtube, das wie die Sperrtafeln von Google aussieht, jedoch einen abgewandelten Text enthält: „Leider ist dieses Video in Ihrem Land nicht verfügbar, weil wir uns mit der GEMA nicht auf die Höhe der Zahlung der dafür erforderlichen Musikrechte für die Urheber einigen konnten“, heißt es in dem Film, der mit „Wenn die YouTube-Tafeln die Wahrheit sagen würden…“ betitelt ist.

Die Musikindustrie ist erkennbar unglücklich über den Dauerstreit. Edgar Berger, Chef von Sony Music International, erklärte beispielsweise bereits im Februar 2012 im Gespräch mit Golem.de, dass „die Gema die Urheberrechte sehr restriktiv lizenziert. Uns gehen dadurch Millionenumsätze verloren”. Durch die Sperrungen entgehen der Branche nicht nur die Einnahmen in Deutschland, die Google an die Industrie in anderen Ländern zahlt – auch auf den starken Werbeeffekt von Youtube-Videos muss die Branche hierzulande verzichten.

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The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Migrant Crackdown Sows Chaos in Europe

German Chancellor Angela Merkel called on Europe to tackle the migrant crisis and agree on a fair distribution of people, warning that failing to do so might put the EU’s open-border policy at risk.

Oil Surges as Supply Estimates Shrink

Oil prices soared Monday, marking their strongest three-day rally since Iraq’s 1990 invasion of Kuwait, on doubts the global glut of crude would be as long-lasting as many investors and traders had earlier believed. 50

Large Blast Reported in Chinese City

An explosion ripped through an industrial zone in northeastern China just two weeks after a chemical blast killed more than 150 people and raised concerns about industrial safety in China.

Islamic State Blows Up Palmyra Ruins

Islamic State has partially destroyed Palmyra’s 2,000-year-old Temple of Bel in a massive explosion, the latest in a series of attacks by the militants on the Syrian city’s famed historic sites. 170

Russia Puts Off Data Showdown With Technology Firms

Facebook, Google and Twitter are among the U.S. companies that are getting more time to comply with a new law requiring Russian data centers.

Ukrainian National Guard Officer Killed, Dozens Injured in Protest Blast

One member of Ukraine’s National Guard was killed and at least 69 others were injured outside the country’s parliament, as fighting broke out between protesters and law-enforcement officers.

Nuclear-Energy Official Pleads Guilty in Russian Uranium Sales Bribery Case

A Russian nuclear-energy official pleaded guilty Monday in U.S. federal court to conspiracy to commit money laundering for arranging more than $2 million in bribes to help U.S. companies do business with the Russian state-owned nuclear-energy corporation.

Startups Put Data in Farmers’ Hands

Farmers and startups like Farmobile and Granular are starting to compete with agribusiness giants over the newest commodity being harvested on U.S. farms: data.

Patent-Law Change Would Raise Medical Costs

A patent law change pushed by the pharmaceutical industry could cost federal health-care programs $1.3 billion over a decade by delaying new generic drugs, the Congressional Budget Office estimates.

Samsung Takes Smartwatch Fight to Apple

Samsung plans to unveil a new smartwatch, as the company attempts to prove that it can outshine Apple on design in a nascent product category.

StubHub Gets Out of ‘All-In’ Pricing

Nearly two years after shifting to “all-in” pricing, ticket-resale giant StubHub is reversing course and returning to its old system of adding 15% to 17% at the last minute.

Nomura Wrongfully Dismissed U.S. Executive, Tokyo Court Finds

Japan’s largest brokerage wrongfully dismissed an American managing director during a dispute over compensation for a product he invented, the Tokyo District Court ruled.

Dollar Slumped Against Euro, Yen in August

The dollar retreated against the euro and the yen in August as rising concerns over global growth and inflation moved investors to push back expectations for higher U.S. interest rates and exit from some of their large consensus trades.

David Einhorn’s Greenlight Takes a Beating in August

The firm told investors it lost 5.3% in August as the value of its major holdings declined, said people familiar with the matter, widening its loss for the year to 13.8%.

Service Providers See Gold in Shares of Startups

Branding firm Red Antler is among vendors that are looking to profit on the soaring valuations of young startups by taking payment in stock instead of cash.

Sports

At the U.S. Open, Djokovic Struggles to Close

Novak Djokovic—the best and most consistent tennis player in the world for five years now—has only won U.S. Open one time in his career.

World

China ‘Punishes’ Nearly 200 People for Spreading Rumors

Sweep targets people who the government said spread false Internet rumors regarding the stock-market turmoil and deadly blasts in Tianjin. 66

Turkey Arrests Vice News Journalists

A Turkish court ordered the formal arrest of three Vice News journalists on terrorism-related charges, days after detaining the foreign nationals as they covered a mounting Kurdish insurgency in the country.

Blue Bell Ice Cream Returns to Store Shelves

Cartons of Blue Bell ice cream began reappearing in grocery stores in cities Monday, a major step after the ice-cream maker yanked all its products following a deadly listeria outbreak and faced a financial crisis.

Suppliers Feel Pain as Coal Miners Struggle

As big coal miners struggle, their equipment suppliers—thousands of businesses sprinkled throughout Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio and Kentucky—are scrambling to find new customers anywhere they can. 129

Eni Reports Huge Natural-Gas Discovery off Egypt

Eni SpA said it made a massive natural-gas discovery off the coast of Egypt in what the Italian oil-and-gas company is calling the largest ever find in the Mediterranean Sea.

U.K. Approves Giant North Sea Gas Project

A.P. Møller-Maersk A/S said it has received approval to develop the $4.5 billion Culzean gas field, the largest new find in the U.K. North Sea for a decade.

Video

Ukraine Protest Blast Kills Officer, Injures Dozens

0:45

Body Count Rises in Migrant Effort to Reach Europe

1:38

Lebanese ‘Stink’ Protest Turns Toward Politicians

2:11

What to Watch for After Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is afflicting more people, and research shows patients who have had non-melanoma skin cancers are at increased risk of recurrence.