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Google Rebuffs European Union on Antitrust Charges

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Wie das Netz die Wirtschaft verändert

Ist Cloud Computing gefährlich? Die EU sagt: Vielleicht

 

Die EU hat Bedenken gegen die Datenspeicherung “in der Wolke” geäußert. Weil in ein paar Jahren viele Organisationen auf Cloud Computing angewiesen sein werden, würden die neuen Dienste zu einer kritischen Infrastruktur. Finanzen, Gesundheit und Versicherungen – immer mehr Firmen aus wichtigen Bereichen würden ihre Daten dann anderen Konzernen zur Speicherung überlassen.

Marnix Dekker hat eine Studie im Auftrag der EU-Agentur für Netzwerk- und Informationssicherheit (ENISA) zu dem Thema verfasst. Er sagt: „Aus einer Sicherheitsperspektive heraus ist die Datenanhäufung ein zweischneidiges Schwert.“ Denn beim Cloud Computing werden Daten und Software nicht mehr in der eigenen Firma oder dem eigenen Rechner sondern auf einigen wenigen, entfernten Datenservern fremder Unternehmen gespeichert. Der Zugriff auf die Daten erfolgt dann über das Internet.

Cloud Computing „ist sicherlich etwas, wo es enorme Möglichkeiten gibt“, sagt ENISA-Chef Udo Helmbrecht. Große Dienstleister könnten aktuelle Sicherheitstechnik gewährleisten, indem sie die Kosten auf zahlreiche Nutzer verteilen. Analysten rechnen laut ENISA mit einem Wachstum des Marktes von 30 Prozent pro Jahr.

Die Autoren der Studie verweisen trotz dieser Vorteile jedoch auf zwei grundsätzliche Risiken. Zum einen sei der Einfluss eines Stromausfalls oder einer Sicherheitsverletzung größer, da er mehrere Organisationen und Bürger auf einmal betreffe. Zum anderen müsse sichergestellt werden, dass der Cloud-Anbieter EU-Recht unterworfen ist und dieses einhält.

“Die Frage ist, nach welcher Jurisdiktion der Cloud-Computing-Provider arbeitet”, sagt Helmbrecht. Kein Unternehmen wolle seine Personaldaten schließlich in China oder Amerika wissen. Doch das einzelne Unternehmen sei in der Regel nicht in der Lage, dies mit den Cloud-Anbietern zu verhandeln, sondern müsse die Geschäftsbedingungen akzeptieren wie bei einem Online-Einkauf. EU-Kommission und Mitgliedstaaten müssten hier handeln, um die Transparenz sicherzustellen.

“Cloud Computing ist eine Realität. Darum müssen wir für umfangreiche Störungen und Cyberangriffe vorausplanen”, sagt der ENISA-Chef. Wenn es nach der EU-Kommission geht, sollen die neuen Dienste in allen Wirtschaftsbrachen verstärkt genutzt und ihr Einsatz beschleunigt werden. Daten und Software auf entfernten Computern zu speichern sei schneller, billiger, flexibler und potenziell auch sicherer als vor Ort installierte IT-Lösungen.

Zudem könnten laut der Kommission 2,5 Millionen neue Arbeitsplätze geschaffen und das EU-Bruttoinlandsprodukt jährlich um ein Prozent oder 160 Milliarden Euro gesteigert werden. Von den Organisationen, die Cloud Computing bereits eingeführt haben, erreichten laut EU 80 Prozent Kosteneinsparungen von mindestens zehn bis 20 Prozent, die restlichen 20 Prozent sogar 30 Prozent und mehr.

Der Bericht zum Cloud Computing der ENISA ist online verfügbar.

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Über WSJ Tech

  • Apps, Crowdfunding, Cloud Computing – neue Technologien werfen die Regeln der Weltwirtschaft um. WSJ Tech erklärt technologische Trends, stellt interessante Entwicklungen vor und analysiert die wichtigsten Trends der IT-Wirtschaft.

    Die Autoren:

    Stephan DörnerStephan Dörner
    Jörgen CamrathJörgen Camrath
The Wall Street Journal & Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News and Video
Search

Google Rebuffs European Union on Antitrust Charges

Google rebuffed the European Union’s demand that it change the way it ranks online comparison-shopping services in its search results, setting up a potentially drawn-out legal battle.

U.S. Stocks Rally Amid Recovery in Global Markets

Stocks soared for the second day in a row, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average erasing its losses for the week, as renewed optimism about the U.S. economy eased concerns about the pace of global growth. 51

Russia Shows Off Military Might as Budget Gets Squeezed

Even as the country projects a muscular image, a falling ruble and weaker economy has forced President Vladimir Putin to scale back ambitious plans to modernize the military.

Austrian Police Find Up to 50 Migrants Dead

Europe’s migrant crisis took a deadly turn deep in the continent with the discovery in Austria of a truck containing up to 50 decomposing corpses.

In Depth

Jihadi Trails: Paths to Syria and Iraq

More than 20,000 foreigners from across the globe are fighting in Syria and Iraq and many come to fight with Islamic State. We chronicle the global scope of their recruitment efforts via the lives and journeys of 10 men and women who traveled to the war zone.

China’s Turbulence Exposes Risks to Europe’s Growth

The Eurozone’s heavy reliance on exports leaves the region vulnerable as emerging markets stumble.

Ukraine Secures Debt-Relief Deal

Ukraine’s government secured a vital debt-relief deal, the country’s finance ministry said, a key step toward unlocking billions of dollars in emergency financing.

Greece Closer to Formal Election Call

Greece on Thursday named Vassiliki Thanou Christopoulou, head of the country’s Supreme Court, as interim prime minister, with the task of leading the country to an election.

Anger Over Garbage in Lebanon Blossoms into Demands for Reform

Calls for political reform, however, collide with country’s entrenched, sectarian-based political system.

NATO Chief Opens Joint Training Base in Georgia

NATO’s secretary-general opened a new joint training base in Georgia, promising the country could count on its western allies.

The Katrina Diaspora, 10 Years Later

Katrina uprooted tens of thousands of people, scattering them across 45 states, and they settled permanently in new cities such as Atlanta, Houston and San Antonio.

U.K. Immigration Reaches Record Level in Year to March

Immigration flows to the U.K. reached a record level during the year ended in March, amid a surge in new arrivals from other European countries as well as from further afield.

Icahn Discloses Stake in Freeport-McMoRan

Activist investor Carl Icahn disclosed a 8.5% stake in mining-and-energy giant Freeport-McMoRan on Thursday, saying its shares are undervalued and that he plans to talk with management about costs.

Amazon Curtails Development of Consumer Devices

Amazon is scaling back its efforts to develop consumer devices, laying off dozens of engineers at its secretive Lab126 hardware-development center and trimming or halting other projects. 50

French Telecom Tycoon Drahi to Hire Alcatel CEO Combes for Top Jobs

French telecommunications tycoon Patrick Drahi will hire Michel Combes, the departing chief executive of Alcatel-Lucent to take top jobs at his French company Numericable-SFR and his holding company Altice.

Port of Hamburg Shows Germany Is Vulnerable on China Trade

China is by far the biggest trading partner for Hamburg, the largest port in the world’s fourth-biggest economy. Now that lucrative traffic is slipping.

Fed Urged Not to Waver on Rate Rise

After months of forewarning by the Federal Reserve that it is preparing to raise short-term interest rates, some international officials have a message: Get on with it already.

Bank Scrambles to Price Funds After Glitch

Computer problems plagued the U.S. asset-management industry for a fourth day, causing hundreds of mutual and ETFs to miscalculate the value of fund assets.

Mitsubishi Corp. to Take Strategic Stake in Olam International

Japanese conglomerate Mitsubishi Corp. will take a strategic stake in Singapore-listed commodities trader Olam International Ltd. for the equivalent of $1.1 billion, the latest move by growth-hungry Japanese firms looking for opportunities beyond their home market.

Canadian Banks Beat Profit Forecasts

Canada’s biggest banks posted higher profits in the fiscal third quarter, surpassing expectations and sidestepping the effects of a stumbling Canadian economy.

Mansion

A Swedish Couple’s Lakeside Oasis

Entrepreneur Olof Sköld and his partner, Helene Carson, build a retreat for their family

Life

Adventure & Travel

Berlin’s Waterfront Heats Up for Travelers

The capital’s long-overlooked riverbanks are now party central, lined with hot hotels and bars—and a beach with a view of Angela Merkel.

At My Vanity

A Hair Stylist’s Secrets for Beauty, the French Way

Celebrity hairdresser Vinz, who has tended to the tresses of everyone from Kirsten Dunst to Caroline de Maigret, shares his top tips for glowing skin and ending bad hair days forever.

Video

Facebook's 'M' Takes on Siri and Google Now

3:36

Up to 50 Migrants Found Dead in Truck in Austria

0:32

Colorado Theater Killer Sentenced to Life in Jail

1:22